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Radio News Reporting and Production

RECAP:What Radio Is, Timeliness, Elements of news, Types of Reporting, Production

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Radio News, Reporting and Production ­ MCM515
VU
LESSON 45
RECAP
What Radio Is:
Meaning-1
The broadcasting of programs
Meaning-2
The process of sending & receiving messages by converting voice into electromagnetic waves
History of Radio
HANS CHRISTEN ORSTED first discovered that electricity and magnet both can attract and repel
objects. It was the 1st step to the present day radio.
Objectives of Broadcasting in Pakistan
Information
Education
Entertainment
Islamic ideology
Ideology of Pakistan
Promotion of culture;
Promotion of regional languages;
National unity
To boost up nation's morale at adverse hours
What news is:
An account of an event.
An account of actual events that change status quo or can do so.
An account of man's changing relationships with others.
News Values
Conflict
Progress
Victory/ defeat
Eminence
Prominence
Timeliness (Immediacy) ­"now" is more Newsworthy than "yesterday"
Proximity (Nearness) ­ "Local" is more newsworthy than "foreign"
Novelty ­ Something, strange, amazing.
Elements of news
Accuracy
Meaningful
Interesting
Factuality
Objectivity
Concise
Clear
Comprehensive
Cohesive
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Radio News, Reporting and Production ­ MCM515
VU
Measuring the importance of News
Intensity
Extensity
Recentness
Consequence
Variety of all
Types of News Stories
1. General News
·  Personals & briefs
·  Meeting & events
·  Speeches
·  Publications
·  Interviews
2. Simple News
Illness
Deaths
Funeral
Fires & accidents
Crimes
Weather
3. Complex News
Court, trials.
Government & policies
Business & commerce
Industry and labour
Agriculture
Medical & psychology
Science
Religion
4. Special News
Life style
Family
Food
Fashion
Social events
Hobbies
News Sources
Reporters
Newsroom diary
Files
Check calls
Monitoring
Press release
Press conference
News agencies
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Radio News, Reporting and Production ­ MCM515
VU
Internet
Report
A report is a written or spoken account of an event, to be published or broadcast.
Reporting
News coverage and then writing the news for newspaper, radio, or television is reporting.
Reporter
The journalist who hunts or covers the news and then writes it for the media organization he is working for
is called a reporter.
Types of Reporting
Factual reporting
Interpretative reporting
Investigative reporting
Interview
Interview is an informal conversation with a person in which a reporter asks questions in order to fid out
his/her opinions regarding a certain matter.
Interviewer
The person who asks the questions in an interview is called an interviewer.
Interviewee
The person who answers the questions in an interview
Types of interview
·  Hard news.
·  Informational.
·  Investigative.
·  Adversarial.
·  Interpretative.
·  Personal.
·  Emotional.
·  Entertainment.
·  Actuality.
·  Telephone or remote.
·  Vox pop & multiple.
·  Grabbed.
Production
Production is the process of creating something (film, drama, documentary, musical) with skill and
knowledge.
What is a Program?
A plan of things that will be done or included in the development of something; something that people
watch on TV or listen to on radio is called a program.
Format
Format is the general arrangement, plan or design of a program. The Basic Structure of a Program is its
format.
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Radio News, Reporting and Production ­ MCM515
VU
Role of a Producer
To conceive, plan, and produce a program is the job description of a producer.
The different formats we studied in this course are as under:
Talk
Feature
Narrative feature
Dramatic feature
Documentary
Drama
Children's programs
Women's programs
Music production
Besides, we have gone through the ethics and the limitations a producer must be careful about while making
programs.
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Table of Contents:
  1. WHAT RADIO IS:HISTORY OF RADIO, MARCONI –THE INVENTOR
  2. HISTORY OF RADIO:B.B.C. – 1922, Radio in Sub-Continent, PBC SERVICES
  3. OBJECTIVES OF BROADCASTING IN PAKISTAN:Information, Islamic ideology
  4. NEWS VALUES I:CONFLICT, PROGRESS, VICTORY AND DEFEAT
  5. NEWS VALUES II:TIMELINESS, PROXIMITY, NOVELTY, HUMAN INTEREST
  6. NEWS VALUES AND ELEMENTS OF NEWS:MISCELLANEOUS NEWS VALUES
  7. MEASURING THE IMPORTANCE OF NEWS:Intensity of an Event, NEWS STORY TYPES
  8. TYPES OF NEWS STORIES II:SIMPLE TYPES, ILLNESS, DEATH
  9. TYPES OF NEWS STORIES III:Conspiracy, Drug Trafficking, Lunar Months
  10. TYPES OF NEWS STORIES IV:COMPLEX NEWS, Forms of Government, Monarchy
  11. TYPES OF NEWS STORIES V:Education, Research, Religion
  12. TYPES OF NEWS STORIES VI:Lifestyles, Receptions, Entertainment
  13. SOURCES OF NEWS I:Network of Reporters, QUALITIES OF A REPORTER
  14. SOURCES OF NEWS II:MONITORING, NEWS/ PRESS RELEASE
  15. SOURCES OF NEWS III:National News Agencies, HARD NEWS, SOFT NEWS
  16. REPORTING:ORDER OF REPORTING, REPORTER’S QUALITIES, Well informed
  17. A SUCCESSFUL RADIO REPORTER:Briefing, Reporter’s Ammunition, Meeting Deadline
  18. INTERPRETATIVE REPORTING I:Growth of Interpretative Reporting
  19. INTERPRETATIVE REPORTING II:Factual Background, SPEECH STORY
  20. INTERPRETATIVE REPORTING III:FIRES & ACCIDENTS, CRIME STORIES
  21. INVESTIGATIVE REPORTING I:Thalidomide Scandal, Watergate Scandal
  22. INVESTIGATIVE REPORTING II:Identification of the problem, INTERVIEW
  23. TYPES OF INTERVIEW:Hard News Interview, Informational Interview
  24. ESSENTIALS OF A GOOD INTERVIEW I:Comments and Opinion, Topic must be specific
  25. ESSENTIALS OF A GOOD INTERVIEW II:Preparation of the Interview, Language
  26. RADIO NEWS GLOSSARY:Actuality, Cut, Voicer, Wrap, Hourly, Lead
  27. FUNDAMENTALS OF NEWS WRITING:Inverted Pyramided Style, Telling the Story
  28. FUNDAMENTALS OF WRITING NEWS FOR RADIO I:Language
  29. FUNDAMENTALS OF WRITING NEWS FOR RADIO II:Complex numbers
  30. ESSENTIALS OF A NEWSCASTER:Authority, Credibility, Language, Pronunciation
  31. PRODUCTION AND PLANNING:Principals of Planning a Program
  32. PRODUCER & BUDGETING:Strengths of a Radio Program, Budgeting a Program
  33. JARGONS OF PRODUCTION (Continued):Frequency spectrum, Dead studio
  34. TYPES OF TALK:Qualification of a Talker, Essentials of a talk, Vetting a talk
  35. DISCUSSION:Controlled Discussion, Live Discussion, Current affairs
  36. DISCUSSION:Selection of the TopicKnowledge of the Topic, Narrowing down the topic
  37. RADIO FEATURE:Sound Effects, Narration, Dramatic Feature, Religion, Personalities
  38. RADIO DOCUMENTARY:Commentary, History, Persons, Things, Phenomena
  39. DRAMA:Solo plays, Series, Serial, Soap, Components of Drama
  40. SPECIAL AUDIENCE PROGRAM:Children’s Programs, Women’s programs
  41. SPORTS PROGRAM:Live Programs, Recorded Programs, Preparation of OB
  42. THE MUSIC I:Folk Music, Classical Music, Light Music, Pop Music
  43. THE MUSIC II:Classification of Raga In Terms Of Notes, Aado, Khaado
  44. ETHICS & LIMITATIONS OF MEDIA:Domain of Freedom of Media, Defamation
  45. RECAP:What Radio Is, Timeliness, Elements of news, Types of Reporting, Production