ZeePedia
Radio News Reporting and Production

ESSENTIALS OF A GOOD INTERVIEW II:Preparation of the Interview, Language

<< ESSENTIALS OF A GOOD INTERVIEW I:Comments and Opinion, Topic must be specific
RADIO NEWS GLOSSARY:Actuality, Cut, Voicer, Wrap, Hourly, Lead >>
img
Radio News, Reporting and Production ­ MCM515
VU
LESSON 25
ESSENTIALS OF A GOOD INTERVIEW II
Preparation of the Interview
Short, single idea question
Question must be short and clear ---to be understood by both, listeners and the interviewee. One question
must carry one idea so that the interviewee feels comfy while arranging his words to be uttered in the
answer of that question.
Bad Example
Referring to your answer to the previous question, what I gather is that you yourself don't see eye to eye with the illegal settlers
on the railway land but owing to different reasons perhaps you are likely to give in to them. It is also said that there is a kind of
mafia, I mean, a kind of pressure group that is trying to maneuver the situation. In these circumstances what policy will you go
for getting the settlers to vacant the railway land?
Now in the construction of this question there are turns and twists and the interviewee is likely to get
confused. On the other hand the listener will also get lost on this winding question. Instead of getting so
verbose, the reporter is required to get simple and to-the-point.
Good Example
In the all bitter circumstances which you have explained, which policy will you adopt to make the illegal settlers vacant the
land?
Logical Progress from point to point
The flow of the conversation between interview and interviewer must be logical and natural. Every next
question must have a link with the answer of the previous question. Following this strategy, the interviewee
will not derail and the listeners will move with the interview smoothly and they will not find any jump in the
progress of the interview.
Avoid double questions
At one time only one question must be asked. Making the interviewee face more than one question will
certainly confuse him and he will not be able to answer properly even one question. The listener will also
forget the first asked question.
This rule, however, doesn't apply to actuality type interview. The reason being is, in actuality interview the
reporter's voice is taken out from the final production and the interviewee's answers are required to be in
detail and without more interruptions.
Questions must be relevant to the topic
The reporter must not beat about the bush and he is required to be to-the-point. Relevant questions will
keep the interviewee on the track and the listeners will not get bored.
Leading questions must be avoided
The questions which lead the interviewee to a certain conclusion are called leading questions. It becomes
obvious from the questions that the reporter is trying to give the words of his own choice into the mouth of
the interviewee. By putting leading questions sometimes reporter appears to be biased as well that spoils his
image in the minds of the listeners. It shows biasness.
Questions with statements
At times it is necessary to give some background information before the reporter puts a question. The
question and statement must be noticeably distinct from each other.
71
img
Radio News, Reporting and Production ­ MCM515
VU
Out-of-date questions
Don't mention days & times while framing questions.
Interviewer's knowledge
The interviewer's knowledge about the topic of the interview must be up dated otherwise he may have to
cut a sorry figure during the course of the interview.
Repeating the answer in the next question
An interviewer must avoid repeating the answer of the interviewee in the next question. He, however,
frames his question from the information given by the interviewee in his answer to the previous question or
questions.
Audience
While framing the questions an interviewer must have a precise knowledge about the audience he has to
conduct interview for.
If the listeners are general then the questions must be easy and simple but if the target audience are
specialized then he has the option to make the overall impression of the interview specialized. The subject
of the interview must be of the interest of the audience.
Language
The language employed by the interviewer while conducting interview must be:
·
Easy
·
Spoken
·
Terms & Jargons used by interviewee are to be explained by the interviewee.
Requisites of an interviewer
The interviewer:
·
Must appear interested in the task.
·
Must not impress the interviewee.
·
Dress up in a proper way.
·
Check & recheck the tape recorder, microphone and batteries.
·
Do not forget to have at least one cassette more than he thinks he need.
·
Must avoid advancing any opinion or value judgment
·
Do not say "I think it is so." But say "It might be so." or "People think---"
·
Always have eye-to-eye contact with the interviewee.
·
Draw as much information as is necessary.
·
Avoid tag or leading questions. "You enjoy playing England, don't you?"
·
Avoid asking cliché questions. "How do you feel on your husband's death?"
·
Must ask open-ended questions.
·
Ask "What is this?" (open-ended question)
·
Do not ask "Is this an apple?" (close-ended question)
·
Ask "Where do you sell your products?" (open-ended question)
·
Do not ask "Do you sell your products in local market?" (close-ended question)
72
Table of Contents:
  1. WHAT RADIO IS:HISTORY OF RADIO, MARCONI –THE INVENTOR
  2. HISTORY OF RADIO:B.B.C. – 1922, Radio in Sub-Continent, PBC SERVICES
  3. OBJECTIVES OF BROADCASTING IN PAKISTAN:Information, Islamic ideology
  4. NEWS VALUES I:CONFLICT, PROGRESS, VICTORY AND DEFEAT
  5. NEWS VALUES II:TIMELINESS, PROXIMITY, NOVELTY, HUMAN INTEREST
  6. NEWS VALUES AND ELEMENTS OF NEWS:MISCELLANEOUS NEWS VALUES
  7. MEASURING THE IMPORTANCE OF NEWS:Intensity of an Event, NEWS STORY TYPES
  8. TYPES OF NEWS STORIES II:SIMPLE TYPES, ILLNESS, DEATH
  9. TYPES OF NEWS STORIES III:Conspiracy, Drug Trafficking, Lunar Months
  10. TYPES OF NEWS STORIES IV:COMPLEX NEWS, Forms of Government, Monarchy
  11. TYPES OF NEWS STORIES V:Education, Research, Religion
  12. TYPES OF NEWS STORIES VI:Lifestyles, Receptions, Entertainment
  13. SOURCES OF NEWS I:Network of Reporters, QUALITIES OF A REPORTER
  14. SOURCES OF NEWS II:MONITORING, NEWS/ PRESS RELEASE
  15. SOURCES OF NEWS III:National News Agencies, HARD NEWS, SOFT NEWS
  16. REPORTING:ORDER OF REPORTING, REPORTER’S QUALITIES, Well informed
  17. A SUCCESSFUL RADIO REPORTER:Briefing, Reporter’s Ammunition, Meeting Deadline
  18. INTERPRETATIVE REPORTING I:Growth of Interpretative Reporting
  19. INTERPRETATIVE REPORTING II:Factual Background, SPEECH STORY
  20. INTERPRETATIVE REPORTING III:FIRES & ACCIDENTS, CRIME STORIES
  21. INVESTIGATIVE REPORTING I:Thalidomide Scandal, Watergate Scandal
  22. INVESTIGATIVE REPORTING II:Identification of the problem, INTERVIEW
  23. TYPES OF INTERVIEW:Hard News Interview, Informational Interview
  24. ESSENTIALS OF A GOOD INTERVIEW I:Comments and Opinion, Topic must be specific
  25. ESSENTIALS OF A GOOD INTERVIEW II:Preparation of the Interview, Language
  26. RADIO NEWS GLOSSARY:Actuality, Cut, Voicer, Wrap, Hourly, Lead
  27. FUNDAMENTALS OF NEWS WRITING:Inverted Pyramided Style, Telling the Story
  28. FUNDAMENTALS OF WRITING NEWS FOR RADIO I:Language
  29. FUNDAMENTALS OF WRITING NEWS FOR RADIO II:Complex numbers
  30. ESSENTIALS OF A NEWSCASTER:Authority, Credibility, Language, Pronunciation
  31. PRODUCTION AND PLANNING:Principals of Planning a Program
  32. PRODUCER & BUDGETING:Strengths of a Radio Program, Budgeting a Program
  33. JARGONS OF PRODUCTION (Continued):Frequency spectrum, Dead studio
  34. TYPES OF TALK:Qualification of a Talker, Essentials of a talk, Vetting a talk
  35. DISCUSSION:Controlled Discussion, Live Discussion, Current affairs
  36. DISCUSSION:Selection of the TopicKnowledge of the Topic, Narrowing down the topic
  37. RADIO FEATURE:Sound Effects, Narration, Dramatic Feature, Religion, Personalities
  38. RADIO DOCUMENTARY:Commentary, History, Persons, Things, Phenomena
  39. DRAMA:Solo plays, Series, Serial, Soap, Components of Drama
  40. SPECIAL AUDIENCE PROGRAM:Children’s Programs, Women’s programs
  41. SPORTS PROGRAM:Live Programs, Recorded Programs, Preparation of OB
  42. THE MUSIC I:Folk Music, Classical Music, Light Music, Pop Music
  43. THE MUSIC II:Classification of Raga In Terms Of Notes, Aado, Khaado
  44. ETHICS & LIMITATIONS OF MEDIA:Domain of Freedom of Media, Defamation
  45. RECAP:What Radio Is, Timeliness, Elements of news, Types of Reporting, Production