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E-COMMERCE ­ IT430
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Lesson 07
TEXT BOXES, CHECK BOXES, RADIO BUTTONS
-<input type=text Name="URL" Value=http://> - here `value' attribute would pre-fix the information in
the text box which is given as its value (e.g, http://)
-<Input type=text Name="address" size="40"> -`size' is used to set size of the box.
-<input type=text Name="age" maxlength="3"> -`maxlength' limits the length of the text in the text box.
Check boxes are normally used to get yes/no or true/false information from a reader. Syntax is to keep
value of `type' attribute as `checkbox' in the input tag. Using `checked' attribute certain values can be
displayed pre-checked in the checkbox. Moreover, `Name' attribute indicates the unique field name for a
checkbox.
Example ­ Check box
<HTML> <HEAD><TITLE>Check Box Example</TITLE> </HEAD> <BODY> <H3>Describe
Your Phobia!</H3> <FORM ACTION=http://www.sad.com/scripts/formtest.asp
METHOD="POST"> What is <I>your</I> phobia? (Please check all that apply):
<P>
<INPUT TYPE="CHECKBOX" NAME="Water">Fear of water<BR> <INPUT
TYPE="CHECKBOX" NAME="Bald">Fear of becoming bald<BR> <INPUT TYPE="CHECKBOX"
NAME="Lock">Fear of being locked inside<BR> <INPUT TYPE="CHECKBOX" NAME="Flying"
Checked >Fear of flying<BR>
<P>
<INPUT TYPE="SUBMIT" VALUE="Submit"> <INPUT TYPE="RESET"> </FORM> </BODY>
</HTML>
Result is shown in Fig. 1 below.
Fig. 1
Radio buttons
Instead of yes/no choices, you might want your readers to have one choice out of many options. For that
Radio buttons can be used. General format <input type="radio" Name="field name" value="value"> You
supply the same field name to all the radio buttons that you want to group together. `Value' is the unique
text string that specifies the value of the option when it is selected.
Example ­ Radio button
<HTML> <HEAD><TITLE>Radio Button Example</TITLE> </HEAD> <BODY>
<H3>Survey</H3> <FORM ACTION="http://www.sad.com/scripts/formtest.asp"
METHOD="POST"> Which of the following best describes your current income
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E-COMMERCE ­ IT430
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level:<BR><BR><INPUT TYPE="RADIO" NAME="Income" VALUE="Poverty">living below the
poverty line<BR> <INPUT TYPE="RADIO" NAME="Income" VALUE="Middle" Checked>living at
the level of middle class<BR> <INPUT TYPE="RADIO" NAME="Income" VALUE="Upper">living
at the level ofupper class<BR><BR>
Which of the following best describes your political inclination :<BR><BR><INPUT TYPE="RADIO"
NAME="Politics" VALUE="Nationalist" CHECKED>Worker of Nationalist Party<BR> <INPUT
TYPE="RADIO" NAME="Politics" VALUE="Socialist">Member of Socialist Party<BR>
<INPUT TYPE="RADIO" NAME="Politics" VALUE="Republican">Supporter ofRepublican
Party<BR> <INPUT TYPE="RADIO" NAME="Politics" VALUE="None">None of the above<BR>
<P>
<INPUT TYPE="SUBMIT" VALUE="Submit"> <INPUT TYPE="RESET"> </FORM> </BODY>
</HTML>
Result is shown in Fig. 2 below.
Fig. 2
Selection lists
General format <select name="field name" size="no. of items"> Between the <select> and </select>
tags are the <option> and </option> tags whichdefine the list items. If you omit "size" the list becomes a
drop-down list. If size is two or more, the list becomes a rectangle with scroll bars for navigating the
choices. Using `Selected' attribute an item is selected by default. Multiple attribute allows the reader to select
multiple items from the list.
Example - lists
<HTML><BODY> <FORM ACTION="http://www.sad.com/scripts/formtest.asp"
METHOD="POST"> Select your nationality :<P> <SELECT NAME="Nationality" SIZE="4">
<OPTION>American</OPTION>
<OPTION>Australian</OPTION> <OPTION>Hungarian</OPTION>
<OPTION>Indian</OPTION> <OPTION>Iranian</OPTION> <OPTION
SELECTED>Pakistani</OPTION> <OPTION>French</OPTION> </SELECT><P> Select your
favorite city:<P> <SELECT NAME="City"> <OPTION>Sydney</OPTION>
<OPTION>London</OPTION> <OPTION SELECTED>Lahore</OPTION> </SELECT><P>
Countries visited last year:<P> <SELECT NAME="Countries" SIZE="5" MULTIPLE>
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<OPTION>Canada</OPTION> <OPTION>Russia</OPTION> <OPTION>England</OPTION>
<OPTION>Egypt</OPTION> <OPTION>Saudi Arabia</OPTION> </SELECT>
</BODY></HTML>
Result is shown in Fig. 3 below.
Fig. 3
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