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Human Relations

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Human Relations­ MGMT611
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Lesson 25
CHOOSING A CAREER-II
A career is a series of related job experiences that fit into a meaningful pattern. A general strategy for
making a sound career choice is to understand first the inner you, including what you have to offer, and
then match that information with information in the outside world.
The Self-Esteem Checklist
Indicate whether each of the following statements is Mostly True or Mostly False as it
applies to you.
Mostly
Mostly
True
False
1. I am excited about starting each day.
1. Most of any progress I have made in my work or school
can be attributed to luck.
2. I often ask myself, "Why can't I be more successful?"
3. When my manager or team leader gives me a
challenging assignment, I usually drive in with
confidence.
4. I believe that I am working up to my potential.
5. I am able to set limits to what I will do for others
without feeling anxious.
7. I regularly make excuses for my mistakes.
8. Negative feedback crushes me.
9. I care very much how much money other people make,
especially when they are working in my field.
10. I feel like a failure when I do not achieve my goals.
11. Hard work gives me an emotional lift.
12. When others compliment me, I doubt their sincerity.
13. Complimenting others makes me feel uncomfortable.
14. I find it comfortable to say, "I'm sorry."
15. It is difficult for me to face up to my mistakes.
16. My coworkers think I am not worthy of promotion.
17. People who want to become my friend usually do not
have much to offer.
18. If my manager praised me I would have a difficult time
believing it was deserved.
19. I'm just an ordinary person.
20. Having to face change really disturbs me.
Scoring and Interpretation: The answers in the high self-esteem direction are as
follows.
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Human Relations­ MGMT611
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1. Mostly True
8. Mostly False
15. Mostly False
2. Mostly False
9. Mostly False
16. Mostly False
3. Mostly False
10. Mostly False
17. Mostly False
4. Mostly True
11. Mostly True
18. Mostly False
5. Mostly True
12. Mostly False
19. Mostly False
6. Mostly True
13. Mostly False
20. Mostly False
7. Mostly False
14. Mostly True
17-20 You have very high self-esteem. Yet if your score is 20, it could be that you are
denying any self-doubts.
11-16 Your self esteem is in the average range. It would probably be worthwhile for you
to implement strategies to boost your self-esteem (described in this chapter) so
that you can develop a greater feeling of well-being.
0-1
Your self-esteem needs bolstering. Talk over your feelings about yourself with a
a trusted friend or with a mental health professional. At the same time, attempt to
implement several of the tactics for boosting self-esteem described in this chapter.
Source: DuBrin, Andrew J. `Human Relations: Career and Cersonal Success', Pearson Prentice Hall, 2005.
Ten steps for choosing a career
We can identify a career following these ten steps which is more compatible with our interest
1. Begin with your values
2. Identify your skills and talents
3. Identify your preferences
4. Experiment
5. Become broadly literate
6. In your first job, opt for experience first and money second
7. Aim for a job in which you can be committed
8. Build your life style around your income, not your expectations
9. Invest five percent of your income, energy, and money into furthering your career
10. Be willing to change and adapt
Data, people, things, or ideas
Knowing your preferences for working with data, people, things, or ideas can help you find a career that
matches those preferences. Most managerial, professional, and technical jobs provide some opportunity for
working with data, people, and things.
Job satisfaction is likely to increase when the individual engages in work that fits his or her interest in the
four factors. (Ideas is somewhat restricted because it involves high-level innovation.)
Choosing a career and developing a portfolio Career
This lesson describes the process of finding a first career, developing a portfolio career, and career
switching. (A portfolio career refers to making money in several different ways at the same time.)
Portfolio career and career switching
It is becoming increasingly common for people to either switch the emphasis in their work or switch careers
entirely. People modify their careers for a variety of reasons, all centering around the idea that something is
missing in their present one. Here we look at two different approaches to changing direction in a career.
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Human Relations­ MGMT611
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A.
Developing a Portfolio Career
Many people would like to change careers yet not be confined to focusing on one major type of job activity.
To accomplish this, a growing number of people develop a portfolio career, in which they use a variety of
skills and earn money in several different ways.
A portfolio career also helps deal with the trend toward part-time positions. A portfolio career also spreads
the risk of unemployment by earning money in several ways.
An important part of developing a portfolio career is to keep your occupational skills current while not in
active use.
B.
Career Switching
Many people switch careers to find work that fits their major values in life. It is important to be thorough
when contemplating a career switch. A new career should be built gradually, such as phasing into the new
type of work. An increasingly popular path for the career switcher is to move from salaried employment to self-
employment.
Finding about occupations
A fundamental rule of career planning is to gather relevant occupational facts. Few people have valid
information about careers they wish to pursue.
A.
Printed and Web-Based Information
B.
Computer-Assisted Career Guidance
C.
Speaking to People
D.
Firsthand Experience
E.
Choosing a Growth Occupation
Strategy to choose a career
A.
The Importance of Skills in Choosing a Career
Knowing which skills and abilities you possess and enjoy performing can be the basis for a successful
career. A skill is a learned, specific ability such as writing a report or negotiating well. Skill identification is
also important for job finding. Your best skill represents your core competency, or whatever you do best.
As these skills are developed, they may become a person's core competency.
B.
Getting Help from a Career Counselor
A career counselor provides a professional approach to finding a first career or career switching. A
counselor usually relies on a wide variety of tests plus an interview to assist a person, make a sound career
choice.
Suggestions for career Preparation
To prepare for a career is to be ready to meet the challenges that lie ahead in whatever career the person
chooses. Nine useful suggestions follow:
1.
Be flexible about exploring different fields.
2
Develop interpersonal skills.
3.
Think globally, such as studying another language and culture.
4.
Develop your information technology skills.
5.
Get an edge (employers can still be choosy).
6.
Keep learning after you have chosen a field.
7.
Be less concerned about promotions; it is what you know and how you apply it that really counts.
8.
Strive for high-quality work. "Do it right the first time."
9.
Recognize that several different concepts of a career are possible. (The same career model, such as
climbing the ladder, does not fit everyone, everywhere.)
References:
Dubrin, A.J. (2005). Human Relations: Career and Personal Success. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey,
07458.
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Table of Contents:
  1. HUMAN RELATIONS:Some Guidelines for Effective Human Relations, Communication has 3meanings
  2. CULTURE AND PERSONALITY:Definition of sub culture, Definition of Personality, Types of Persons
  3. PERSONALITY AND STRESS:Personality, PERSONAL TOOLS TO CONTROL STRESS
  4. PERCEPTION AND INDIVIDUAL BEHAVIOUR:Three concepts of personality, Bias in Perception
  5. PERCEPTION AND GROUP BEHAVIOR:Characteristics of Groups, Individual and Group Behavior
  6. ATTITUDE AND BEHAVIOUR:Types of Attitudes, Steps to turn attitude into action
  7. PERSONAL MOTIVATION AND ACHIEVEMENT:Needs and Motivation, Self-discipline and motivation
  8. SOLVING PROBLEMS SKILLFULLY:Problem solving and cognition, Ways to solve problems
  9. CREATIVITY IN PROBLEM SOLVING:Barriers to creativity, Tips to solve problems creatively
  10. HANDLING PERSONAL ISSUES:Self-Defeating Behaviour, Positive attitude to tackle personal problems
  11. CONFLICT RESOLUTION:WHY SO MUCH CONFLICT EXISTS, TECHNIQUES FOR RESOLVING CONFLICTS
  12. COMMUNICATION AND HUMAN RELATIONS:Process of communication, Improving gender barriers to communication
  13. ORGANIZATIONAL COMMUNICATION:To improve listening skills, Types of organizational communication
  14. UNDERSTANDING COMMUNICATION STYLES:Modeling communication style, Sociability continuum
  15. SELF-ESTEEM:Building process of self-esteem, Self-esteem and public image
  16. BUILDING SELF-CONFIDENCE:The importance of self-confidence and self-efficacy, Balanced Self-Confidence:
  17. BECOMING A LEADER-1:Assessing leadership role, Traits and Characteristics of Effective Leaders
  18. BECOMING A LEADER-II:Theories of leadership, Developing leadership potential
  19. GLOBALIZATION AND CROSS-CULTURAL DIFFERENCES:Religious Values and Bicultural Identities
  20. IMPROVING CROSS-CULTURAL COMPETENCE:Strategies to improve cross-cultural relations, More steps to improve Cultural Relations
  21. BUILDING GOOD RELATIONS WITH MANAGERS:Impressing your manager, Coping with a problem manager
  22. BUILDING GOOD RELATIONS WITH CO-WORKERS:Make Co-workers feel important, Maintain Honest and Open Relationships
  23. BUILDING GOOD RELATIONS WITH CUSTOMERS:Salesperson Represents the Business, Approaching the Customer, Excuses vs. Objections
  24. CHOOSING A CAREER-1:Ten Myths about Choosing a Career, Attitude toward and Perceptions about Myself
  25. CHOOSING A CAREER-II:Choosing a career and developing a portfolio Career, Suggestions for career Preparation
  26. FINDING A JOB:Targeting your job search, The Internet and Résumé Database Services, Extreme Job Hunting
  27. SIGNIFICANCE OF RESUME:Major types of resumes, Electronic Submission of the Résumé
  28. IMPROVING INTERVIEW SKILLS:Successful interview, Knowing the employer or Organization
  29. IMPROVING WORK HABITS-1:Reasons of procrastination, Techniques for Reducing Procrastination
  30. IMPROVING WORK HABITS-2:Developing the proper attitudes and values, Time-management techniques
  31. NEW MODEL OF CAREER ADVANCEMENT:Career portability, HUMAN RELATIONS SELF-ASSESSMENT
  32. TAKING CONTROL OF YOURSELF:Develop Outstanding Interpersonal Skills, Business etiquettes
  33. EXERTING CONTROL ON OUTSIDE ENVIRONMENT:Important communication tip, Exerting control over the outside world
  34. MANAGING PERSONAL FINANCES-1:Your personal financial plan, Steps in budget making
  35. MANAGING PERSONAL FINANCES-2:Basic investment principles, Tolerance for Investment Risks, Types of investments
  36. ACHIEVING HAPPINESS-1:Finding happiness and enhancing your personal life, The key to happiness
  37. ACHIEVING HAPPINESS-2:The Five Principles of Psychological Functioning, Your mind and Happiness
  38. ACHIEVING HAPPINESS-3:Need for intimacy, Working out issues with relationships
  39. APATHY AND ITS REMEDIES:Let us try to understand the various definitions of apathy, Coping strategies for apathy
  40. ENHANCING PERSONAL ETHICS-1:Influence of Culture, Common ethical problems
  41. ENHANCING PERSONAL ETHICS-2:Common ethical problems, Guidelines for Behaving Ethically
  42. HELPING OTHERS GROW:Being a Nurturing, Positive Person, A list of mentoring behaviour, Coaching skills and techniques
  43. REVIEW-I:What is a Human Relation?, Meanings of Communication, Two types of stress, Some personal problem, Communication style
  44. REVIEW-II:Steps to build self-confidence, Globalization, Building Good Relations with Co-workers, Good work habits
  45. REVIEW-III:New model of career advancement, Choosing your investment, Tactics for Dealing with Difficult People