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Journalistic Writing

THE PROCESS OF WRITING II:ORGANIZING, DRAFTING, REVISING

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Journalistic Writing ­ MCM310
VU
LECTURE 7
THE PROCESS OF WRITING II
2. External source of information:
1) Libraries
2) Internet
3) Resource persons
LIBRARY OF CONGRESS CLASSFICATION
M
Music
A.
General works
N
Fine Arts
B
Philosophy & Religion
P
Language and Literature
C
History of Civilization
Q
Science
D
General History
R
Medicine
E-F
History ­ Americas
S
Agriculture
G
Geography and Anthropology
T
Technology
H
Social Sciences
U
Military Science
J
Political Sciences
V
Naval Science
K
Law
Z
Bibliography
L
Education
SIMPLIFIED DEWEY DECIMAL SYSTEM
350
Administration
000
General works
360
Welfare
100
Philosophy &
Psychology
370
Education
200
Religion
380
Public Services
300
Social Sciences
390
Customs and Folklore
310
Statistics
400
Philosophy
320
Political Science
500
Pure Science
330
Economics
600
Applied Science
340
Law
700
Fine Arts
800
Literature
900
History
Top ten search engines:
1. Google
2. Alltheweb ­ Fast and clear.
3. Yahoo ­ Directories and search engine
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Journalistic Writing ­ MCM310
VU
4. Hotbot - Directories and search engine
5. About ­ sites vetted by humans
6. Excite - Directories and search engine
7. iWon
8. MSN
9. Completeplanet ­ directs to various databases
10. Altavista - Directories and search engine
Highly Valuable Links:
Online Newspapers: http://www.ipl.org/div/news/
World Fact File: http://bartleby.com/151/
Encyclopedia of Quotations: http://bartleby.com/quotations/
Columbia Encyclopedia: http://bartleby.com/65/
Encyclopedia of World History http://www.bartleby.com/67/
The Element of Style by William Strunk: http://www.bartleby.com/141/
Encyclopedia Britannica: http://www.britannica.com/
Encyclopedia Americana: http://www.americana.com/
ORGANIZING
After writers collect information pertaining to their topics, a useful next step is to organize it--decide where to
place information in the argument, as well as which information to omit. One easy way to do this is outlining.
Argumentative and narrative papers generally have three main sections.
The introduction is used to grab the readers' attention and introduce the main idea or claim, often in the form
of a thesis statement.
The body consists of several supporting paragraphs that help to elaborate upon the main claim.
Finally, the conclusion serves to wrap up the argument and reemphasize the writer's main ideas.
After gathering information in the collection stage, the writer should think about where each piece of
information belongs in the course of an argument. By taking time to organize and plan the paper, writers save
time and frustration in the drafting stage; they find that they can follow the pattern they have established for
themselves in their outlines.
DRAFTING:
·  Give yourself ample time to work on your project.
·
Find a comfortable place to do your writing.
·
Avoid distractions.
·
Take breaks.
REVISING:
Review higher-order concerns:
·  Clear communication of ideas
·
Organization of paper
·
Paragraph structure
·
Strong introduction and conclusion
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Journalistic Writing ­ MCM310
VU
PROOFREADING:
Ask yourself about the three sensitive areas: Content, format and mechanics:
B. FORMAT:
A. CONTENT:
Did i:
Did i:
1. Choose an appropriate title?
1. Stick to my point?
2. Use quotations correctly?
2. Use good source and enough sources
3. Use headings and subheadings?
of information?
4. Label graphs, charts, and tables?
3. Organize my information carefully?
5. Include
a
list
of
resources
or
4. Check my facts?
bibliography?
5. Use illustration?
6. Number the pages?
6. Consider my readers?
7. Use sufficient detail and description?
C. MECHANICS:
Did I:
1. Check sentences for completeness and
sense?
2. Check for consistent verb tense?
3. Check for consistent point of view?
4. Check for subject-verb agreement?
5. Check for proper use of pronouns?
6. Check all spellings?
7. Check for end marks and other
punctuation?
8. Check
for
capital
letters
and
underlining?
9. Check paragraph indentation?
10. Check legibility?
Source: Purdue University Sources.
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Table of Contents:
  1. INTRODUCTION TO JOURNALISTIC WRITING:Practical, THINGS TO KNOW
  2. QUALITIES OF GOOD WRITERS
  3. QUALITIES OF GOOD WRITERS
  4. QUALITIES OF GOOD WRITING:Achieve appropriate readability:
  5. QUALITIES OF GOOD WRITING:Be concise, Be creative, Be correct
  6. THE PROCESS OF WRITING:INVENTION, WHEN YOU START TO WRITE
  7. THE PROCESS OF WRITING II:ORGANIZING, DRAFTING, REVISING
  8. ALL ABOUT WORDS:HOW WORDS ARE FORMED?:SUFFIXES
  9. DICTIONARY-A WRITER’S LANGUAGE TOOL:KINDS OF INFORMATION
  10. PARTS OF SPEECH:Noun Gender, Noun Plurals, Countable Nouns
  11. BASIC CLAUSE PATTERNS
  12. ACTIVE AND PASSSIVE VOICE
  13. MODIFIERS AND SENTENCE TYPES:COMPOUND SENTENCES
  14. REPORTED SPEECH:Indirect Questions, Direct commands
  15. GRAMMATICAL SENTENCE – ISSUES:SUBJECT-VERB AGREEMENT
  16. GRAMMATICAL SENTENCE – ISSUES II:SENTENCE FRAGMENTS
  17. EFFECTIVE SENTENCE:PARALLELISM, NEEDED WORDS, SHIFTS
  18. STYLE: GUIDELINE AND PITFALLS I:COLLOQUIAL VS FORMAL, CIRCUMLOCUTION
  19. STYLE: GUIDELINE AND PITFALLS II:AMBIGUITY, REDUNDANCY, EUPHEMISM:
  20. PARAGRAPH WRITING: TYPES AND TECHNIQUES:STRUCTURE
  21. PARAGRAPH WRITING: TYPES AND TECHNIQUES:Putting on Our Play
  22. ESSAY WRITING:VARIOUS STRATEGIES FOR ESSAYS, PROMPTS
  23. SIGNAL WORDS:Non word Emphasis Signals
  24. EXPOSITORY WRITING:LOGICAL FALLACIES, APPEAL TO EMOTION
  25. THE WRITING STYLES: REPORT and NARRATIVE WRITING, SHORT REPORTS
  26. THE WRITING STYLES: DESCRIPTIVE AND PERSUASIVE WRITINGS, Observation
  27. RESEARCH WRITING AND DOCUMNETING SOURCES:Handling Long Quotations
  28. Summary and Précis Writing:CHARACTERISTICS OF GOOD SUMMARY
  29. Punctuation:THE PERIOD, THE COMMA, THE SEMICOLON, THE COLON
  30. MECHANICS:ABBREVIATIONS, NUMBERS, SPELLING, THE HYPHEN
  31. READING SKILLS FOR WRITERS:EDUCATED READING, STEPS
  32. PARTS OF A NEWSPAPER:Box-out, By-line, Caption, Exclusive, Feature
  33. THE LANGUAGE OF THE NEWSPAPERS II:BROADSHEET NEWSPAPER
  34. News Writing and Style I:WHAT TO LOOK FOR IN A NEWSPAPER
  35. NEWS WRITING II:Accuracy, Clarity, Style, Qualities of Effective Leads
  36. EDITORIAL WRITING:WRITING AN EDITORIAL:STRUCTURING AN EDITORIAL
  37. WRITING FEATURES:GENERATING FEATURE STORY IDEAS
  38. WRITING COLUMNS:Column and a news report, Purpose, Audience
  39. WRITING ARTICLES FOR NEWSPAPERS:The Heading, The Lead
  40. WRITING ANALYSIS:purpose, scope, method, results, recommendations
  41. LETTERS TO EDITORS:Four important aspects about letters, Organizing letters
  42. BROADCAST AND WEB NEWS WRITING:WRITE CONCISELY, BROADCAST STYLE
  43. WRITING PRESS RELEASE, REVIEWS AND OBITUARIES:Summary of Content:
  44. THE ART OF INTERVIEWINGS
  45. FINAL THOUGHTS:Practical, Job-Related, Social, Stimulating, Therapeutic