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Radio News Reporting and Production

SPORTS PROGRAM:Live Programs, Recorded Programs, Preparation of OB

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Radio News, Reporting and Production ­ MCM515
VU
LESSON 41
SPORTS PROGRAM
Broadly speaking the sports programs can be of two types.
Live Programs
Recorded Programs
Live Programs
Nature wise live programmes are of two types which are as under:
1. Live Programs from Studio
These programs normally carry the following matter:
Updates about what is going on in the world of sports.
Discussions about the games, players, new records, performances of different teams, etc.
Experts' opinions about the players, games, performances, etc.
2. Live Programs from Ground
These programs are put on air directly from the ground or place where the game is being played and these
live programs include the following features:
Commentary
Experts' opinions from ground
Field dispatches
Progressive dispatch
Round up dispatch
Weather
Crowd
3. Recorded Programs
Recorded programs are the programs which are first produced in the studios or first recorded and then are
put on air.
The recorded programs may go round the following areas:
Sports round up
Different sports events
Information about schedules of different cups, trophies, tournaments
News about sports
Interviews of players
Discussions
Sports quiz
Qualities of a Sports Producer
A sports producer must possess knowledge about:
Local sports
National sports, such as hockey, football, cricket, badminton, table tennis, long tennis, etc.
Olympics
SAF games
Records
Record holder's history
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Radio News, Reporting and Production ­ MCM515
VU
International sports
Special knowledge about different sports
The history of the tournaments, SAF games, Olympics, World cup, Champions trophy, etc.
Previous winners
Currently playing teams with players' introductions
Outdoor Broadcast (OB)
The process of recording or broadcasting a function, event, seminar, speech, or match live from the spot is
called Outdoor Broadcast.
Preparation of OB
The OB producer must have the knowledge about:
The exact timing and date of the function
The nature of the function
The personalities supposed to be at the event
Technical arrangement
The kit of an OB producer must contain the following items at any cost:
Tape recorder
Battery cells
Microphones
Microphone stands
Cassettes
AC power lead
Note book
Special instructions to be followed by the OB producer
An OB producer must
Get at the spot at least an hour prior to the function.
Fix the equipment well in advance.
Check and recheck the working of the equipment.
Find a suitable place near the stage or rostrum.
Ways of getting information back to the studios
After the recording of the event the first and the foremost responsibility of an OB producer is to take the
recordings to the studios so that these recordings may be edited to be broadcast on time. The ways of
getting the recordings to the studios are as under:
1. Landline
Landlines must be booked in advance with Telecommunication Company. Through landlines the material
may be sent to studios and broadcast live as well
2. Telephone lines
3. Couriers
4. Bringing back the tape in person
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Table of Contents:
  1. WHAT RADIO IS:HISTORY OF RADIO, MARCONI ĖTHE INVENTOR
  2. HISTORY OF RADIO:B.B.C. Ė 1922, Radio in Sub-Continent, PBC SERVICES
  3. OBJECTIVES OF BROADCASTING IN PAKISTAN:Information, Islamic ideology
  4. NEWS VALUES I:CONFLICT, PROGRESS, VICTORY AND DEFEAT
  5. NEWS VALUES II:TIMELINESS, PROXIMITY, NOVELTY, HUMAN INTEREST
  6. NEWS VALUES AND ELEMENTS OF NEWS:MISCELLANEOUS NEWS VALUES
  7. MEASURING THE IMPORTANCE OF NEWS:Intensity of an Event, NEWS STORY TYPES
  8. TYPES OF NEWS STORIES II:SIMPLE TYPES, ILLNESS, DEATH
  9. TYPES OF NEWS STORIES III:Conspiracy, Drug Trafficking, Lunar Months
  10. TYPES OF NEWS STORIES IV:COMPLEX NEWS, Forms of Government, Monarchy
  11. TYPES OF NEWS STORIES V:Education, Research, Religion
  12. TYPES OF NEWS STORIES VI:Lifestyles, Receptions, Entertainment
  13. SOURCES OF NEWS I:Network of Reporters, QUALITIES OF A REPORTER
  14. SOURCES OF NEWS II:MONITORING, NEWS/ PRESS RELEASE
  15. SOURCES OF NEWS III:National News Agencies, HARD NEWS, SOFT NEWS
  16. REPORTING:ORDER OF REPORTING, REPORTERíS QUALITIES, Well informed
  17. A SUCCESSFUL RADIO REPORTER:Briefing, Reporterís Ammunition, Meeting Deadline
  18. INTERPRETATIVE REPORTING I:Growth of Interpretative Reporting
  19. INTERPRETATIVE REPORTING II:Factual Background, SPEECH STORY
  20. INTERPRETATIVE REPORTING III:FIRES & ACCIDENTS, CRIME STORIES
  21. INVESTIGATIVE REPORTING I:Thalidomide Scandal, Watergate Scandal
  22. INVESTIGATIVE REPORTING II:Identification of the problem, INTERVIEW
  23. TYPES OF INTERVIEW:Hard News Interview, Informational Interview
  24. ESSENTIALS OF A GOOD INTERVIEW I:Comments and Opinion, Topic must be specific
  25. ESSENTIALS OF A GOOD INTERVIEW II:Preparation of the Interview, Language
  26. RADIO NEWS GLOSSARY:Actuality, Cut, Voicer, Wrap, Hourly, Lead
  27. FUNDAMENTALS OF NEWS WRITING:Inverted Pyramided Style, Telling the Story
  28. FUNDAMENTALS OF WRITING NEWS FOR RADIO I:Language
  29. FUNDAMENTALS OF WRITING NEWS FOR RADIO II:Complex numbers
  30. ESSENTIALS OF A NEWSCASTER:Authority, Credibility, Language, Pronunciation
  31. PRODUCTION AND PLANNING:Principals of Planning a Program
  32. PRODUCER & BUDGETING:Strengths of a Radio Program, Budgeting a Program
  33. JARGONS OF PRODUCTION (Continued):Frequency spectrum, Dead studio
  34. TYPES OF TALK:Qualification of a Talker, Essentials of a talk, Vetting a talk
  35. DISCUSSION:Controlled Discussion, Live Discussion, Current affairs
  36. DISCUSSION:Selection of the TopicKnowledge of the Topic, Narrowing down the topic
  37. RADIO FEATURE:Sound Effects, Narration, Dramatic Feature, Religion, Personalities
  38. RADIO DOCUMENTARY:Commentary, History, Persons, Things, Phenomena
  39. DRAMA:Solo plays, Series, Serial, Soap, Components of Drama
  40. SPECIAL AUDIENCE PROGRAM:Childrenís Programs, Womenís programs
  41. SPORTS PROGRAM:Live Programs, Recorded Programs, Preparation of OB
  42. THE MUSIC I:Folk Music, Classical Music, Light Music, Pop Music
  43. THE MUSIC II:Classification of Raga In Terms Of Notes, Aado, Khaado
  44. ETHICS & LIMITATIONS OF MEDIA:Domain of Freedom of Media, Defamation
  45. RECAP:What Radio Is, Timeliness, Elements of news, Types of Reporting, Production