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Radio News Reporting and Production

SOURCES OF NEWS II:MONITORING, NEWS/ PRESS RELEASE

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RadioNews, Reporting and Production ­ MCM515
VU
LESSON 14
SOURCES OF NEWS II
MONITORING
Monitoring officers listen to the transmissions in differentlanguages, translate them into English and make
a report of it. Monitorsnormally work in threeshifts.
Forgood monitoring a monitormust be proficient in the language he is monitoring. Seniormonitors
scrutinize the monitoring reports and finally the news items to be made a part of news bulletin are sent to
the news editors.
Importantchannels to be monitored
BBC
VOA (voice of America)
VOG (voice of Germany)
KabulRadio
AllIndia Radio
IranRadio
CNN (Cable News Network)
NEWS/ PRESS RELEASE
A news release or pressrelease or press statement is a written or recorded communication, directed at
members of the news media, for the purpose of announcing something, claimed as having news value.
Sometimesnews releases are sentfor the purpose of announcing newsconferences.
Means of sending a PressRelease
Typically, it is mailed, faxed, or e-mailed to the assignment editors at newspapers,magazines, radiostations,
television stations, and/or television networks.
Origin of News Release
Thepress release was firstintroduced in 1906 by IvyLee who is often referred to as the first real public
relations practitioner. At that time, Lee'sagency was working with the Pennsylvania Railroad, whichhad just
fallenvictim to a tragic accident.Ivy Lee convinced the company to issue the first pressrelease to
journalists, before other versions of the story, or suppositions, could be spreadamong them and reported.
He used a press release, in addition to inviting journalists and photographers to the scene andproviding
them transportation there as a means of fostering open communication with the media.
Closing of a News Release
"30" is a traditional closing for a press release. It startedduring the Civil War when telegrapherstapped
"XXX" at the end of a transmission. XXX is the Roman numeral for 30.Another common pressrelease
closing is ###.
Scrutiny of a Press Release
Everypress release is not worthBroadcasting. Shifting of landedmaterial is time consuming yetimportant.
Elements of a News Release
While there are several types of press releases (such as general news releases, event releases, productpress
releases,and more recently socialmedia press releases), pressreleases very often haveseveral traits of their
structure in common. This helps journalists separate press releases fromother PR communication methods,
such as pitch letters or mediaadvisories. Some of these common structural elements include:
·
Headline- used to grab the attention of journalists andbriefly summarize the news.
·
Dateline - contains the release dateand usually the originatingcity of the pressrelease.
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RadioNews, Reporting and Production ­ MCM515
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·
Introduction- first paragraph in a pressrelease, that generallygives basic answers to the questions
of who, what, when, whereand why.
·
Body- further explanation, statistics, background, or other details relevant to the news.
·
Boilerplate- generally a short "about" section,providing independent background on the issuing
company, organization, or individual.
·
Media Contact Information - name, phone number, emailaddress, mailing address, or other
contactinformation for the PR or othermedia relations contactperson.
AudioNews Releases(ANRs)
Somedepartments send out audio news releases (ANRs) whichare pre-taped audio programsthat can be
aired intact by radio stations.
VideoNews Releases(VNRs)
VNRsare same as ANRs butthese are recorded on videotapes and are sentout to TV cannels.
EmbargoedNews Release
Sometimes a news release is embargoed -- that is, news organizationsare requested not to report the story
until a specified time. For example,news organizations usuallyreceive a copy of presidential speeches
severalhours in advance. In suchcases, the news organizationsgenerally do not break the embargo. If they
do, the agency that sent the release may blacklist them. A blacklisted news organization willnot receive any
moreembargoed releases, or possiblyany releases at all.
PRESSCONFERENCE
A news conference or pressconference is a media event in whichnewsmaker (person who holds press
conference) invites journalists to hear him speakand most often, askquestions.
WhyPress Conference?
There are two major reasons forholding a news/ pressconference.
·
A newsmaker who gets manyquestions from reporters cananswer them all at once rather than
answeringdozens of phonecalls.
·
A person can try to attractnews coverage for somethingthat was not of interest to journalists
before.
In a news conference, one or more speakers may make a statement, which may be followed by questions
fromreporters. Sometimes only questioning occurs; sometimes there is a statement with no questions
permitted.
A media event at which no statementsare made, and no questions allowed, is called a photo opportunity. A
government may wish to open theirproceedings for the media to witness events, such as the passing of a
piece of legislation from the government in parliament to the senate, via mediaavailability.
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Table of Contents:
  1. WHAT RADIO IS:HISTORY OF RADIO, MARCONI –THE INVENTOR
  2. HISTORY OF RADIO:B.B.C. – 1922, Radio in Sub-Continent, PBC SERVICES
  3. OBJECTIVES OF BROADCASTING IN PAKISTAN:Information, Islamic ideology
  4. NEWS VALUES I:CONFLICT, PROGRESS, VICTORY AND DEFEAT
  5. NEWS VALUES II:TIMELINESS, PROXIMITY, NOVELTY, HUMAN INTEREST
  6. NEWS VALUES AND ELEMENTS OF NEWS:MISCELLANEOUS NEWS VALUES
  7. MEASURING THE IMPORTANCE OF NEWS:Intensity of an Event, NEWS STORY TYPES
  8. TYPES OF NEWS STORIES II:SIMPLE TYPES, ILLNESS, DEATH
  9. TYPES OF NEWS STORIES III:Conspiracy, Drug Trafficking, Lunar Months
  10. TYPES OF NEWS STORIES IV:COMPLEX NEWS, Forms of Government, Monarchy
  11. TYPES OF NEWS STORIES V:Education, Research, Religion
  12. TYPES OF NEWS STORIES VI:Lifestyles, Receptions, Entertainment
  13. SOURCES OF NEWS I:Network of Reporters, QUALITIES OF A REPORTER
  14. SOURCES OF NEWS II:MONITORING, NEWS/ PRESS RELEASE
  15. SOURCES OF NEWS III:National News Agencies, HARD NEWS, SOFT NEWS
  16. REPORTING:ORDER OF REPORTING, REPORTER’S QUALITIES, Well informed
  17. A SUCCESSFUL RADIO REPORTER:Briefing, Reporter’s Ammunition, Meeting Deadline
  18. INTERPRETATIVE REPORTING I:Growth of Interpretative Reporting
  19. INTERPRETATIVE REPORTING II:Factual Background, SPEECH STORY
  20. INTERPRETATIVE REPORTING III:FIRES & ACCIDENTS, CRIME STORIES
  21. INVESTIGATIVE REPORTING I:Thalidomide Scandal, Watergate Scandal
  22. INVESTIGATIVE REPORTING II:Identification of the problem, INTERVIEW
  23. TYPES OF INTERVIEW:Hard News Interview, Informational Interview
  24. ESSENTIALS OF A GOOD INTERVIEW I:Comments and Opinion, Topic must be specific
  25. ESSENTIALS OF A GOOD INTERVIEW II:Preparation of the Interview, Language
  26. RADIO NEWS GLOSSARY:Actuality, Cut, Voicer, Wrap, Hourly, Lead
  27. FUNDAMENTALS OF NEWS WRITING:Inverted Pyramided Style, Telling the Story
  28. FUNDAMENTALS OF WRITING NEWS FOR RADIO I:Language
  29. FUNDAMENTALS OF WRITING NEWS FOR RADIO II:Complex numbers
  30. ESSENTIALS OF A NEWSCASTER:Authority, Credibility, Language, Pronunciation
  31. PRODUCTION AND PLANNING:Principals of Planning a Program
  32. PRODUCER & BUDGETING:Strengths of a Radio Program, Budgeting a Program
  33. JARGONS OF PRODUCTION (Continued):Frequency spectrum, Dead studio
  34. TYPES OF TALK:Qualification of a Talker, Essentials of a talk, Vetting a talk
  35. DISCUSSION:Controlled Discussion, Live Discussion, Current affairs
  36. DISCUSSION:Selection of the TopicKnowledge of the Topic, Narrowing down the topic
  37. RADIO FEATURE:Sound Effects, Narration, Dramatic Feature, Religion, Personalities
  38. RADIO DOCUMENTARY:Commentary, History, Persons, Things, Phenomena
  39. DRAMA:Solo plays, Series, Serial, Soap, Components of Drama
  40. SPECIAL AUDIENCE PROGRAM:Children’s Programs, Women’s programs
  41. SPORTS PROGRAM:Live Programs, Recorded Programs, Preparation of OB
  42. THE MUSIC I:Folk Music, Classical Music, Light Music, Pop Music
  43. THE MUSIC II:Classification of Raga In Terms Of Notes, Aado, Khaado
  44. ETHICS & LIMITATIONS OF MEDIA:Domain of Freedom of Media, Defamation
  45. RECAP:What Radio Is, Timeliness, Elements of news, Types of Reporting, Production