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Radio News Reporting and Production

SOURCES OF NEWS I:Network of Reporters, QUALITIES OF A REPORTER

<< TYPES OF NEWS STORIES VI:Lifestyles, Receptions, Entertainment
SOURCES OF NEWS II:MONITORING, NEWS/ PRESS RELEASE >>
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Radio News, Reporting and Production ­ MCM515
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LESSON 13
SOURCES OF NEWS I
News sources are the ways and routes through which a news channel gets news. Given below are the
important news sources:
Reporters / correspondents
Newsroom diary
File
Check Call
Monitoring
News/ Press releases
Media contact
Politicians
Press conference
REPORTERS / CORRESPONDENTS
The biggest source of news for any radio station is its reporting staff. The reporters live in the community
to which they are broadcasting through everyday contact with people in the area, from there observations as
they move in the society and from their informers they get news for their organization. So the chief
assignment of the reporter is to get news for the channel he or she is attached with.
Network of Reporters
The news channel has a galaxy of reporters for gathering news. Their network, according to the size of the
channel, works on local, national and international levels.
Local Reporters
Local reporters or correspondents are from towns and villages and their assignment is to find from their
vicinity and send them to the organization they work for. If needed, they record the impressions of the
people or the recording of any important function or ceremony and dispatch it. If it is crucial to get the
news in the bulletin immediately, the same recording and the news details may be sent to the newsroom on
telephone lines as well.
City Correspondents
These reporters are deputed in big and important cities and perform as local reporters do.
International Reporters
These reporters are specially deputed in the important cities of the important countries. They keep a vigilant
eye on the happenings in the country they are deputed in and keep their channel updated.
Special Reporters
These are the reporters who are assigned news items of great significance to cover. For instance there is an
inauguration of motor-way and the chief guest is president or the prime minister himself. Special reporter
will be assigned the coverage of this event. Likewise the coverage of the press conference of any minister to
make public government's point of view on certain matter will be assigned to special reporter.
Senior Reporters
These reporters are also assigned important and sensitive happenings and functions to cover.
Chief Reporter
Chief reporter is the one who administers the junior reporters.
QUALITIES OF A REPORTER
Besides proper education of journalism, a reporter must possess following qualities if he strongly wishes to
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Radio News, Reporting and Production ­ MCM515
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be a figure in the field of journalism.
Nosy/ Curious
A good reporter is one who has an ability to smell the news in any apparently normal and ordinary event.
He needs to be curious and nosy about the things behind the curtain.
Sharp Observation
Unless a reporter's observation is sharp and outstanding, he is unable to smell something newsworthy in any
happening.
Public Relations
A good reporter is the one who enjoys a good repute in the society and cultivates healthy relations with
officials of important status in almost all important departments and walks of life. His strong relations make
him obtain news in time and without applying extra efforts.
Active; Dynamic
A reporter is the one who is always active and ready to be assigned any task of news gathering. A sluggish,
lethargic and inactive kind of person can be anything on earth but can never be a reporter.
Well informed
A reporter is a man of knowledge. He is not only supposed to have information about important
happenings in the world, capitals of different countries, facts and figures of different national and
international issues, national and international economic trends, but also it is imperative for him to have
knowledge of the basics of almost all social sciences. A good reporter though can not be master of all, but
he has to be the jack of all trades.
Shrewd yet well behaved
The profession a reporter has opted for, demands him to be sharp, active, shrewd and sometimes cunning
as well but it does not imply at all that he is required to display ill-mannerism. He needs to be polite, well
behaved, courteous, lively, refined and easygoing kind of person.
NEWSROOM
Newsroom is a specific area in a newspaper office or a radio or T.V. station where news is received, treated,
processed and prepared for printing or Broadcasting.
NEWSROOM DAIRY
Newsroom diary is a kind of diary or register in which information about coming important events to be
covered are logged in. every page of this diary is divided in different columns containing important
information about the function, ceremony, workshop, seminar, or symposium. Normally following
information about following five Ws is put in these columns:
What
Nature of the function/ gathering.
a) Seminars
b) Workshop
c) Opening of any project
d) Laying down of foundation stone
Who
Name of the Chief Guest
When
Time & date of the event to be covered
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Where
Venue--complete address of the place where the event has to be held.
For instance:
Function.
Chief Guest.
Date.
Time.
Venue
Symposium on the
Political Thought
Chief justice
November 09
4:30 pm.
ABC Hall, XYZ
of Allama
Javed Iqbal.
Hotel, Mall Road,
Muhammad Iqbal.
LHR.
The first thing that a reporter deputed on covering city events does on reaching newsroom in the morning
is to look up the newsroom diary and to get the information of the event he is to cover on that day.
Question arises, where this information about the coming events to be covered comes from. This
information, as a matter of fact lands on the newsroom table in shape of Press Release which is also a news
source and will be discussed in detail later.
FILES
In newsroom there is a cabinet that contains files with titles showing different captions. Each file is about
any national or international issue and is updated as and when there is any progress in the issue. The
purpose of these files is to provide the reporter with the factual background of any problem. For instance if,
in the city, there is a secretary-level conference of SAARC countries, the reporter will be at ease while
making the news of this conference by looking up the file containing all the history and development of
SAARC from its inception to date.
Some Important National Issues
a) Political issues
b) Social issues
c) Religious issues
d) Kala Baagh Dam, pollution
e) Ethnicity, Sectarianism
Some Important International Issues
1) Non proliferation treaty (NPT)
2) CTBT (comprehensive test ban treaty)
3) Nuclear experiments made by different nations
4) Signing countries
5) Cuba crisis
6) World war-1
7) World war-2
8) Pre-Cold War Era & Post Cold War Era
9) Gulf crisis
10) Iran-Iraq war
11) Lebanon-Israel war
Some Important International & Regional Forums
1) League Of Nations
2) United Nations
3) NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization)
4) CEATO
5) SENTO
6) SAARC
7) RCD
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8) Commonwealth Countries
9) European Union
Kashmir Issue
1. Historical background
2. Kashmir issue
3. UNO's resolutions on the issue
4. Pakistan's efforts towards normalization with India
5. India's response
Pak-India Relations
1. Indus water basin treaty
2. Wars with India---reasons
3. Kargil issue
4. Buglehar Dam
5. Pak-India talks on different levels
CHECK CALL
For hunting a story that is happening right now such as an armed robbery, fire, or air crash is breaking
news. Main sources of breaking news are emergency services ­ fire brigade, police station, PRO of different
ministers and ministries, coastguard.
These enquiries are called "CHECK CALL."
Breaking news------ British English
Spot story------------ American English
Just in
News flash
The news story that has happened right now, or is still happening and is of immense importance needs to
be broadcast immediately; even a program can be interrupted for the purpose is called as Breaking News.
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Table of Contents:
  1. WHAT RADIO IS:HISTORY OF RADIO, MARCONI –THE INVENTOR
  2. HISTORY OF RADIO:B.B.C. – 1922, Radio in Sub-Continent, PBC SERVICES
  3. OBJECTIVES OF BROADCASTING IN PAKISTAN:Information, Islamic ideology
  4. NEWS VALUES I:CONFLICT, PROGRESS, VICTORY AND DEFEAT
  5. NEWS VALUES II:TIMELINESS, PROXIMITY, NOVELTY, HUMAN INTEREST
  6. NEWS VALUES AND ELEMENTS OF NEWS:MISCELLANEOUS NEWS VALUES
  7. MEASURING THE IMPORTANCE OF NEWS:Intensity of an Event, NEWS STORY TYPES
  8. TYPES OF NEWS STORIES II:SIMPLE TYPES, ILLNESS, DEATH
  9. TYPES OF NEWS STORIES III:Conspiracy, Drug Trafficking, Lunar Months
  10. TYPES OF NEWS STORIES IV:COMPLEX NEWS, Forms of Government, Monarchy
  11. TYPES OF NEWS STORIES V:Education, Research, Religion
  12. TYPES OF NEWS STORIES VI:Lifestyles, Receptions, Entertainment
  13. SOURCES OF NEWS I:Network of Reporters, QUALITIES OF A REPORTER
  14. SOURCES OF NEWS II:MONITORING, NEWS/ PRESS RELEASE
  15. SOURCES OF NEWS III:National News Agencies, HARD NEWS, SOFT NEWS
  16. REPORTING:ORDER OF REPORTING, REPORTER’S QUALITIES, Well informed
  17. A SUCCESSFUL RADIO REPORTER:Briefing, Reporter’s Ammunition, Meeting Deadline
  18. INTERPRETATIVE REPORTING I:Growth of Interpretative Reporting
  19. INTERPRETATIVE REPORTING II:Factual Background, SPEECH STORY
  20. INTERPRETATIVE REPORTING III:FIRES & ACCIDENTS, CRIME STORIES
  21. INVESTIGATIVE REPORTING I:Thalidomide Scandal, Watergate Scandal
  22. INVESTIGATIVE REPORTING II:Identification of the problem, INTERVIEW
  23. TYPES OF INTERVIEW:Hard News Interview, Informational Interview
  24. ESSENTIALS OF A GOOD INTERVIEW I:Comments and Opinion, Topic must be specific
  25. ESSENTIALS OF A GOOD INTERVIEW II:Preparation of the Interview, Language
  26. RADIO NEWS GLOSSARY:Actuality, Cut, Voicer, Wrap, Hourly, Lead
  27. FUNDAMENTALS OF NEWS WRITING:Inverted Pyramided Style, Telling the Story
  28. FUNDAMENTALS OF WRITING NEWS FOR RADIO I:Language
  29. FUNDAMENTALS OF WRITING NEWS FOR RADIO II:Complex numbers
  30. ESSENTIALS OF A NEWSCASTER:Authority, Credibility, Language, Pronunciation
  31. PRODUCTION AND PLANNING:Principals of Planning a Program
  32. PRODUCER & BUDGETING:Strengths of a Radio Program, Budgeting a Program
  33. JARGONS OF PRODUCTION (Continued):Frequency spectrum, Dead studio
  34. TYPES OF TALK:Qualification of a Talker, Essentials of a talk, Vetting a talk
  35. DISCUSSION:Controlled Discussion, Live Discussion, Current affairs
  36. DISCUSSION:Selection of the TopicKnowledge of the Topic, Narrowing down the topic
  37. RADIO FEATURE:Sound Effects, Narration, Dramatic Feature, Religion, Personalities
  38. RADIO DOCUMENTARY:Commentary, History, Persons, Things, Phenomena
  39. DRAMA:Solo plays, Series, Serial, Soap, Components of Drama
  40. SPECIAL AUDIENCE PROGRAM:Children’s Programs, Women’s programs
  41. SPORTS PROGRAM:Live Programs, Recorded Programs, Preparation of OB
  42. THE MUSIC I:Folk Music, Classical Music, Light Music, Pop Music
  43. THE MUSIC II:Classification of Raga In Terms Of Notes, Aado, Khaado
  44. ETHICS & LIMITATIONS OF MEDIA:Domain of Freedom of Media, Defamation
  45. RECAP:What Radio Is, Timeliness, Elements of news, Types of Reporting, Production