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Radio News Reporting and Production

RADIO NEWS GLOSSARY:Actuality, Cut, Voicer, Wrap, Hourly, Lead

<< ESSENTIALS OF A GOOD INTERVIEW II:Preparation of the Interview, Language
FUNDAMENTALS OF NEWS WRITING:Inverted Pyramided Style, Telling the Story >>
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Radio News, Reporting and Production ­ MCM515
VU
LESSON 26
RADIO NEWS GLOSSARY
Actuality
Recorded segment of a newsmaker speaking generally lasting from 10 to 20 seconds is called an actuality.
Cut
Tape containing the recording of a voicer, wrap, and actuality is called cut.
Voicer
Recorded report containing only the reporter's voice is called voicer.
Wrap
Recorded report in which a reporter's voice occurs at the beginning and the end, and an actuality is played
in between; the report is "wrapped around" the actuality.
Hourly
Network newscast beginning at the top of the hour. The hourly newscast generally contains a commercial
break.
IQ
IQ stands for "in cue" -- the first words of the speaker recorded on a cut.
Lead
First Sentence of a News Story is called lead and it should concisely reveal the story's basic events and
provide an introduction to the details given in the rest of the story.
Live Shot
Report introduced by an anchor that has not been recorded but is read live by another journalist, often at a
news scene is called live shot.
Lockout
Final words of a report spoken by a journalist in which the reporter's name, channel's name and place are
given, such as "Amjad Ali, Radio Pakistan, Lahore."
MOS
Abbreviation for "Man On the Street" interviews; i.e., the interviews of passers-by chosen at random in a
public place and asked their opinions about events or people in the news.
Nat or Natural or Raw Sound
"Raw Sound" is recorded sound that is not of a newsmaker speaking, such as the sound of an airplane
landing or a marching band playing or a crowd cheering; sometimes known as "Natural Sound" or "Nat
Sound," especially when the source of the sound is from nature.
OQ
"Out Cue" -- the last words recorded on a cut are called OQ.
Reader
Script of a news story in which no actualities are to be played; this script is read live on the air by the
newscaster.
Script
Written-out version of a news story, the text of which is read on the air, is called Script; a newscast is made
up of a collection of scripts read by an anchor
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Radio News, Reporting and Production ­ MCM515
VU
Slug
The title of a script; used for reference purposes is called a Slug. News agency items are each given one. For
instance, if a news story is about Pak-India talks the slug of this news story may be `Pak-India Talks.'
Sounder /Signature Tune
Sounder is the recorded tune used to introduce segments of the broadcast, such as at the beginning of a
traffic report or sports; the networks use sounders at the beginning of the hourlies.
Spot
Recorded Commercial Advertisement is called Spot.
Tease
Tease is the brief phrase spoken by the newscaster immediately before playing a spot to tell the listener
about a story coming up later.
Zinger
Unusual and generally humorous feature story often placed at the end of a newscast is called Zinger.
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Table of Contents:
  1. WHAT RADIO IS:HISTORY OF RADIO, MARCONI –THE INVENTOR
  2. HISTORY OF RADIO:B.B.C. – 1922, Radio in Sub-Continent, PBC SERVICES
  3. OBJECTIVES OF BROADCASTING IN PAKISTAN:Information, Islamic ideology
  4. NEWS VALUES I:CONFLICT, PROGRESS, VICTORY AND DEFEAT
  5. NEWS VALUES II:TIMELINESS, PROXIMITY, NOVELTY, HUMAN INTEREST
  6. NEWS VALUES AND ELEMENTS OF NEWS:MISCELLANEOUS NEWS VALUES
  7. MEASURING THE IMPORTANCE OF NEWS:Intensity of an Event, NEWS STORY TYPES
  8. TYPES OF NEWS STORIES II:SIMPLE TYPES, ILLNESS, DEATH
  9. TYPES OF NEWS STORIES III:Conspiracy, Drug Trafficking, Lunar Months
  10. TYPES OF NEWS STORIES IV:COMPLEX NEWS, Forms of Government, Monarchy
  11. TYPES OF NEWS STORIES V:Education, Research, Religion
  12. TYPES OF NEWS STORIES VI:Lifestyles, Receptions, Entertainment
  13. SOURCES OF NEWS I:Network of Reporters, QUALITIES OF A REPORTER
  14. SOURCES OF NEWS II:MONITORING, NEWS/ PRESS RELEASE
  15. SOURCES OF NEWS III:National News Agencies, HARD NEWS, SOFT NEWS
  16. REPORTING:ORDER OF REPORTING, REPORTER’S QUALITIES, Well informed
  17. A SUCCESSFUL RADIO REPORTER:Briefing, Reporter’s Ammunition, Meeting Deadline
  18. INTERPRETATIVE REPORTING I:Growth of Interpretative Reporting
  19. INTERPRETATIVE REPORTING II:Factual Background, SPEECH STORY
  20. INTERPRETATIVE REPORTING III:FIRES & ACCIDENTS, CRIME STORIES
  21. INVESTIGATIVE REPORTING I:Thalidomide Scandal, Watergate Scandal
  22. INVESTIGATIVE REPORTING II:Identification of the problem, INTERVIEW
  23. TYPES OF INTERVIEW:Hard News Interview, Informational Interview
  24. ESSENTIALS OF A GOOD INTERVIEW I:Comments and Opinion, Topic must be specific
  25. ESSENTIALS OF A GOOD INTERVIEW II:Preparation of the Interview, Language
  26. RADIO NEWS GLOSSARY:Actuality, Cut, Voicer, Wrap, Hourly, Lead
  27. FUNDAMENTALS OF NEWS WRITING:Inverted Pyramided Style, Telling the Story
  28. FUNDAMENTALS OF WRITING NEWS FOR RADIO I:Language
  29. FUNDAMENTALS OF WRITING NEWS FOR RADIO II:Complex numbers
  30. ESSENTIALS OF A NEWSCASTER:Authority, Credibility, Language, Pronunciation
  31. PRODUCTION AND PLANNING:Principals of Planning a Program
  32. PRODUCER & BUDGETING:Strengths of a Radio Program, Budgeting a Program
  33. JARGONS OF PRODUCTION (Continued):Frequency spectrum, Dead studio
  34. TYPES OF TALK:Qualification of a Talker, Essentials of a talk, Vetting a talk
  35. DISCUSSION:Controlled Discussion, Live Discussion, Current affairs
  36. DISCUSSION:Selection of the TopicKnowledge of the Topic, Narrowing down the topic
  37. RADIO FEATURE:Sound Effects, Narration, Dramatic Feature, Religion, Personalities
  38. RADIO DOCUMENTARY:Commentary, History, Persons, Things, Phenomena
  39. DRAMA:Solo plays, Series, Serial, Soap, Components of Drama
  40. SPECIAL AUDIENCE PROGRAM:Children’s Programs, Women’s programs
  41. SPORTS PROGRAM:Live Programs, Recorded Programs, Preparation of OB
  42. THE MUSIC I:Folk Music, Classical Music, Light Music, Pop Music
  43. THE MUSIC II:Classification of Raga In Terms Of Notes, Aado, Khaado
  44. ETHICS & LIMITATIONS OF MEDIA:Domain of Freedom of Media, Defamation
  45. RECAP:What Radio Is, Timeliness, Elements of news, Types of Reporting, Production