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Radio News Reporting and Production

RADIO FEATURE:Sound Effects, Narration, Dramatic Feature, Religion, Personalities

<< DISCUSSION:Selection of the TopicKnowledge of the Topic, Narrowing down the topic
RADIO DOCUMENTARY:Commentary, History, Persons, Things, Phenomena >>
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Radio News, Reporting and Production ­ MCM515
VU
LESSON 37
RADIO FEATURE
The Feature ­ Dictionary Meaning
Feature is a typical quality or an important part of a person, thing, animal, or place. Anybody's features are
the parts of his/her face.
Feature as a Radio Format
It is a kind of format in which one aspect of a personality, or place or issue is highlighted in spoken word
supported by sound effects, songs, and musical instruments. The script is narrated by normally a male and a
female voice.
Sound Effects
Sounds incorporated in a production, which reinforce the script by magnifying or beautifying the content of
the script are called sound effects.
Narrator (Raavi)
Narrator is a person who reads out the script
Narration
Narration is the written matter of a feature or a documentary.
Types of feature in terms of production
Narrative feature
Dramatic feature
Narrative Feature
A kind of feature in which the whole content is in the form of narration is called Narrative Feature. The
narration is read out by two narrators ­ male & female.
Sound Effects are frequently yet suitably employed.
Dramatic Feature
It is a kind of feature in which the content is written in a dramatic manner. The message is conveyed
through dialogues to be spoken by different characters.
Topics of Narrative Feature
Religion
Significance of Yaum-e-Aashoor, Rabi-ul-Awwal, Shabb-e-Barat (Birr'at)
Personalities
Khulafa-e-Rashideen, Quaid-e-Azam, Allama Iqbal, Muhtarma Fatima Jinnah, Islamic scholars, scientists,
statesmen
Pakistan
Independence Day, Pakistan day, Pak-India War-1965
Topics of Dramatic Feature
Social Issues / Problems
Dowry, Cleanliness, Pollution, Backbiting, Women's Education ­ Adulteration ­ Child Labor, Agriculture,
Pollution, Social Values, Importance of Joint Family System, Overpopulation.
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Radio News, Reporting and Production ­ MCM515
VU
Techniques of Narrative Feature
Script
The script of a narrative feature must cover the following aspects of the topic:
Introduction of the Topic
Background of the Topic
Further Details
Closing
For instance a narrative feature on child labour is to be produced. Pre-production research must be around
the following points:
What is meant by child labour?
Different kinds of child labour
Forced Child Labour ­ Bonded Child Labour ­ Voluntary Child Labour
Areas of Child Labour
Brick kilns ­ Carpet Weaving ­ Surgical Instruments ­ Sports Wares ­ Workshops ­ Hotels
Reasons of Child Labour
Poverty ­ Exploitation ­ Overpopulation
How to curb child labour?
Society's Responsibility ­ Government's Responsibility
Production of Narrative Feature
The production of the narrative feature involves the following steps:
Vetting of the script. ( about vetting we have studied in detail)
Selection of Sound Effects
Selection of Songs
Musical Instruments
Selection of Narrators
Techniques of Dramatic Feature
Script
Research of the topic
Suitable situation for the characters
Characterization
Dialogues
No conflict
No climax
Normally no change over i.e., one act
Production Techniques
Selection of the writer
Discussing the matter with the writer
Vetting the script
Selection of voices
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Table of Contents:
  1. WHAT RADIO IS:HISTORY OF RADIO, MARCONI –THE INVENTOR
  2. HISTORY OF RADIO:B.B.C. – 1922, Radio in Sub-Continent, PBC SERVICES
  3. OBJECTIVES OF BROADCASTING IN PAKISTAN:Information, Islamic ideology
  4. NEWS VALUES I:CONFLICT, PROGRESS, VICTORY AND DEFEAT
  5. NEWS VALUES II:TIMELINESS, PROXIMITY, NOVELTY, HUMAN INTEREST
  6. NEWS VALUES AND ELEMENTS OF NEWS:MISCELLANEOUS NEWS VALUES
  7. MEASURING THE IMPORTANCE OF NEWS:Intensity of an Event, NEWS STORY TYPES
  8. TYPES OF NEWS STORIES II:SIMPLE TYPES, ILLNESS, DEATH
  9. TYPES OF NEWS STORIES III:Conspiracy, Drug Trafficking, Lunar Months
  10. TYPES OF NEWS STORIES IV:COMPLEX NEWS, Forms of Government, Monarchy
  11. TYPES OF NEWS STORIES V:Education, Research, Religion
  12. TYPES OF NEWS STORIES VI:Lifestyles, Receptions, Entertainment
  13. SOURCES OF NEWS I:Network of Reporters, QUALITIES OF A REPORTER
  14. SOURCES OF NEWS II:MONITORING, NEWS/ PRESS RELEASE
  15. SOURCES OF NEWS III:National News Agencies, HARD NEWS, SOFT NEWS
  16. REPORTING:ORDER OF REPORTING, REPORTER’S QUALITIES, Well informed
  17. A SUCCESSFUL RADIO REPORTER:Briefing, Reporter’s Ammunition, Meeting Deadline
  18. INTERPRETATIVE REPORTING I:Growth of Interpretative Reporting
  19. INTERPRETATIVE REPORTING II:Factual Background, SPEECH STORY
  20. INTERPRETATIVE REPORTING III:FIRES & ACCIDENTS, CRIME STORIES
  21. INVESTIGATIVE REPORTING I:Thalidomide Scandal, Watergate Scandal
  22. INVESTIGATIVE REPORTING II:Identification of the problem, INTERVIEW
  23. TYPES OF INTERVIEW:Hard News Interview, Informational Interview
  24. ESSENTIALS OF A GOOD INTERVIEW I:Comments and Opinion, Topic must be specific
  25. ESSENTIALS OF A GOOD INTERVIEW II:Preparation of the Interview, Language
  26. RADIO NEWS GLOSSARY:Actuality, Cut, Voicer, Wrap, Hourly, Lead
  27. FUNDAMENTALS OF NEWS WRITING:Inverted Pyramided Style, Telling the Story
  28. FUNDAMENTALS OF WRITING NEWS FOR RADIO I:Language
  29. FUNDAMENTALS OF WRITING NEWS FOR RADIO II:Complex numbers
  30. ESSENTIALS OF A NEWSCASTER:Authority, Credibility, Language, Pronunciation
  31. PRODUCTION AND PLANNING:Principals of Planning a Program
  32. PRODUCER & BUDGETING:Strengths of a Radio Program, Budgeting a Program
  33. JARGONS OF PRODUCTION (Continued):Frequency spectrum, Dead studio
  34. TYPES OF TALK:Qualification of a Talker, Essentials of a talk, Vetting a talk
  35. DISCUSSION:Controlled Discussion, Live Discussion, Current affairs
  36. DISCUSSION:Selection of the TopicKnowledge of the Topic, Narrowing down the topic
  37. RADIO FEATURE:Sound Effects, Narration, Dramatic Feature, Religion, Personalities
  38. RADIO DOCUMENTARY:Commentary, History, Persons, Things, Phenomena
  39. DRAMA:Solo plays, Series, Serial, Soap, Components of Drama
  40. SPECIAL AUDIENCE PROGRAM:Children’s Programs, Women’s programs
  41. SPORTS PROGRAM:Live Programs, Recorded Programs, Preparation of OB
  42. THE MUSIC I:Folk Music, Classical Music, Light Music, Pop Music
  43. THE MUSIC II:Classification of Raga In Terms Of Notes, Aado, Khaado
  44. ETHICS & LIMITATIONS OF MEDIA:Domain of Freedom of Media, Defamation
  45. RECAP:What Radio Is, Timeliness, Elements of news, Types of Reporting, Production