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Radio News Reporting and Production

PRODUCER & BUDGETING:Strengths of a Radio Program, Budgeting a Program

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JARGONS OF PRODUCTION (Continued):Frequency spectrum, Dead studio >>
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Radio News, Reporting and Production ­ MCM515
VU
LESSON 32
PRODUCER & BUDGETING
Strengths of a Radio Program
1. The very first strength of radio is that it is portable and handy. It does not need to be placed always
on table or on any surface. It can easily be adjusted even in pocket. That is why it is the best
companion of a farmer, a laborer, a mason, and even a person on road.
2. It does not demand that it must be looked at as requires television. That is why women while
cooking or washing up may listen to it and keep themselves amused, informed, entertained and
educated.
3. From production point of view, it is very economical kind of production. It does not require costly
sets, lavish costumes and the make-up of the performers. It simply stirs up the imagination of the
listeners through script, sound effects and music and they create everything in their own mind.
Limitations of radio
The major weakness of the radio program is that the listeners can not see the pictures of the performers
that is why it is not glamorous. But otherwise the radio production requires more skill and professionalism
on the part of the producer because the radio producer is bound to make every kind of impression through
speech, music and sound effects where as, on television the production enjoys the facility of sight to create
effects that is a pretty easier task.
Producer ­ The Captain of the Ship, the Unsung Hero
The producer is the person who heads the team of writers, sound effects men, and actors. The producer is
the person who conceives a program, plans a program, and then makes all the arrangements to materialize
what he/she has thought of. If something gets applause from the listeners, the credit goes to the producer
and if something fails to get applause and gathers criticism instead; again the producer is held responsible. It
follows from it that the producer needs to be different, exceptional, and extraordinary.
The following are the qualities and traits a person must posses if he wishes to be a producer. Some of the
qualities can be learned, some can be polished, but still there are certain qualities which are innate ones and
a person either posses them or not.
1.
At least masters in Mass Communication
2.
Knowledgeable
3.
Creative
4.
Imaginative
5.
Innovative
6.
Decisive
7.
Active
8.
Sharp observer
9.
Jack of all trades
10.
Good ear
11.
Always ready to record.
Budgeting a Program
To make the budget of a program is yet another important responsibility of a producer. The cost of the
program varies from program to program depending upon the fees of the following talents to be booked
for the preparation of the program.
·
The script writer
·
The commentator
·
The compere
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Radio News, Reporting and Production ­ MCM515
VU
·
The narrator
·
The performers
·
The musicians
·
The singers
·
The composer
·
In case of outdoor, crew's expenditure
·
Traveling expenditure
The task of budgeting involves the following steps:
1.
Plan out the whole program on paper.
2.
Pen down talent fees against their names.
3.
Write down extra expenditures such as traveling, outdoor expenditures, etc.
4.
Sum up the whole cost.
5.
Multiply it with the number of total programs or episodes.
Jargons of Production
Absorption
The process of sound going into the walls, ceiling, and floor of a studio is called absorption.
Amplify
To make the sound louder is called to amplify the sound.
Bass
Voice in the lowest tone or frequency is called bass.
Hiss
A high frequency noise problem in the recording process is called hiss.
Sound signal
A sound that has not yet been processed into an electronic form is called sound signal.
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Table of Contents:
  1. WHAT RADIO IS:HISTORY OF RADIO, MARCONI –THE INVENTOR
  2. HISTORY OF RADIO:B.B.C. – 1922, Radio in Sub-Continent, PBC SERVICES
  3. OBJECTIVES OF BROADCASTING IN PAKISTAN:Information, Islamic ideology
  4. NEWS VALUES I:CONFLICT, PROGRESS, VICTORY AND DEFEAT
  5. NEWS VALUES II:TIMELINESS, PROXIMITY, NOVELTY, HUMAN INTEREST
  6. NEWS VALUES AND ELEMENTS OF NEWS:MISCELLANEOUS NEWS VALUES
  7. MEASURING THE IMPORTANCE OF NEWS:Intensity of an Event, NEWS STORY TYPES
  8. TYPES OF NEWS STORIES II:SIMPLE TYPES, ILLNESS, DEATH
  9. TYPES OF NEWS STORIES III:Conspiracy, Drug Trafficking, Lunar Months
  10. TYPES OF NEWS STORIES IV:COMPLEX NEWS, Forms of Government, Monarchy
  11. TYPES OF NEWS STORIES V:Education, Research, Religion
  12. TYPES OF NEWS STORIES VI:Lifestyles, Receptions, Entertainment
  13. SOURCES OF NEWS I:Network of Reporters, QUALITIES OF A REPORTER
  14. SOURCES OF NEWS II:MONITORING, NEWS/ PRESS RELEASE
  15. SOURCES OF NEWS III:National News Agencies, HARD NEWS, SOFT NEWS
  16. REPORTING:ORDER OF REPORTING, REPORTER’S QUALITIES, Well informed
  17. A SUCCESSFUL RADIO REPORTER:Briefing, Reporter’s Ammunition, Meeting Deadline
  18. INTERPRETATIVE REPORTING I:Growth of Interpretative Reporting
  19. INTERPRETATIVE REPORTING II:Factual Background, SPEECH STORY
  20. INTERPRETATIVE REPORTING III:FIRES & ACCIDENTS, CRIME STORIES
  21. INVESTIGATIVE REPORTING I:Thalidomide Scandal, Watergate Scandal
  22. INVESTIGATIVE REPORTING II:Identification of the problem, INTERVIEW
  23. TYPES OF INTERVIEW:Hard News Interview, Informational Interview
  24. ESSENTIALS OF A GOOD INTERVIEW I:Comments and Opinion, Topic must be specific
  25. ESSENTIALS OF A GOOD INTERVIEW II:Preparation of the Interview, Language
  26. RADIO NEWS GLOSSARY:Actuality, Cut, Voicer, Wrap, Hourly, Lead
  27. FUNDAMENTALS OF NEWS WRITING:Inverted Pyramided Style, Telling the Story
  28. FUNDAMENTALS OF WRITING NEWS FOR RADIO I:Language
  29. FUNDAMENTALS OF WRITING NEWS FOR RADIO II:Complex numbers
  30. ESSENTIALS OF A NEWSCASTER:Authority, Credibility, Language, Pronunciation
  31. PRODUCTION AND PLANNING:Principals of Planning a Program
  32. PRODUCER & BUDGETING:Strengths of a Radio Program, Budgeting a Program
  33. JARGONS OF PRODUCTION (Continued):Frequency spectrum, Dead studio
  34. TYPES OF TALK:Qualification of a Talker, Essentials of a talk, Vetting a talk
  35. DISCUSSION:Controlled Discussion, Live Discussion, Current affairs
  36. DISCUSSION:Selection of the TopicKnowledge of the Topic, Narrowing down the topic
  37. RADIO FEATURE:Sound Effects, Narration, Dramatic Feature, Religion, Personalities
  38. RADIO DOCUMENTARY:Commentary, History, Persons, Things, Phenomena
  39. DRAMA:Solo plays, Series, Serial, Soap, Components of Drama
  40. SPECIAL AUDIENCE PROGRAM:Children’s Programs, Women’s programs
  41. SPORTS PROGRAM:Live Programs, Recorded Programs, Preparation of OB
  42. THE MUSIC I:Folk Music, Classical Music, Light Music, Pop Music
  43. THE MUSIC II:Classification of Raga In Terms Of Notes, Aado, Khaado
  44. ETHICS & LIMITATIONS OF MEDIA:Domain of Freedom of Media, Defamation
  45. RECAP:What Radio Is, Timeliness, Elements of news, Types of Reporting, Production