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Journalistic Writing

PARTS OF A NEWSPAPER:Box-out, By-line, Caption, Exclusive, Feature

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Journalistic Writing ­ MCM310
VU
LECTURE 32
PARTS OF A NEWSPAPER
THE LANGUAGE OF NEWSPAPERS I
Layout, typical features and technical terms
Some or all of these may be found on the front pages of newspapers.
·
Box-out ­ A small part of the page shaded in a different colour.
·
By-line ­ The name of the reporter, if they are important is often included at the beginning of the
feature, rather than at the end, or not at all.
·
Caption ­ typed text under photographs explaining the image.
·
Credits ­ the author of a feature may be given credit in the form of a beeline. Photographs may have
the name of the person who took them or the agency that supplied them alongside them.
·
Crosshead ­ this is a subheading that appears in the body of the text and is centred above the column
of text. If it is se to one side then it is called a side-head.
·
Exclusive ­ this means that newspaper and no one else solely cover the story. The paper will pay
their interviewees, buying the story so it cannot be used by another paper.
·
Feature ­ not necessarily a `news' item (current affairs), but usually with a human-interest angle
presented as a spread.
·
Headline ­ this is the main statement, usually in the largest and boldest font, describing the main
story. A banner headline spans the full width of the page.
·
Kicker ­ this is a story designed to stand out from the rest of the page by the use of a different font
(typeface) and layout.
·
Lead Story - the main story on the front page, usually a splash.
·
Lure ­ a word or phrase directing the reader to look inside the paper at a particular story or feature.
·
Masthead ­ the masthead is the title block or logo identifying the newspaper at the top of the front-
page. Sometimes an emblem or a motto is also placed within the masthead. The masthead is often set
into a block of black or red print or boxed with a border; the `Red-tops' (The Sun, The Mirror, The
News of the World) are categorised by style and the use of a red background in the masthead.
·
Menu ­ the list of contents inside the paper.
·
Pugs ­ these are at the top left and right-hand corners of the paper and are known as the `ears' of the
page. The prices of the paper, the logo or a promotion are positioned there. They are well placed to
catch the reader's eye.
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Journalistic Writing ­ MCM310
VU
·
Secondary Lead ­ this is usually only a picture and headline, it gives a sneak preview of a story that
you might find inside the paper.
·
Sidebar ­ when a main feature has an additional box or tinted panel along side of it.
·
Splash ­ the splash is the main story on the front of the paper. The largest headline will accompany
this, along with a photograph.
·
Spread ­ a story that covers more than one page.
·
Stand first ­ this is an introductory paragraph before the start of the feature. Sometimes it may be in
bold.
·
Strap line ­ this is an introductory headline below the headline.
·
Tag ­ a word or phrase used to engage a reader's interest in a story by categorising it e.g. `Exclusive',
`Sensational'.
PARTS OF A NEWSPAPER
1. Headline ­ the most important news and latest developments are featured here.
2. Local and foreign news ­ news of lesser importance.
3. Editorial ­ article written by the editor expressing opinion about the latest developments or news of national
interest.
4. Feature stories ­ special stories about different fields of interest.
5. Articles of opinion or commentaries and views ­ articles expressing the views and comments of writers or
notable personalities.
6. Obituary ­ listing of persons who recently died, or of death anniversaries.
7. Fun page ­ includes puzzles and comic strips for entertainment.
8. TV and movie guide ­ a listing of movies currently showing or about to be shown and movie reviews.
9. Sports page ­ articles written about the latest news and developments in sports.
10. Society page ­ articles about the latest parties, weddings, birthdays, and other happenings in society.
11. Classified Ads ­ list of things for sale of for rent, employments, business opportunities, etc.
Source: Richard Williams, Royton & Crompton School, 2002
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Table of Contents:
  1. INTRODUCTION TO JOURNALISTIC WRITING:Practical, THINGS TO KNOW
  2. QUALITIES OF GOOD WRITERS
  3. QUALITIES OF GOOD WRITERS
  4. QUALITIES OF GOOD WRITING:Achieve appropriate readability:
  5. QUALITIES OF GOOD WRITING:Be concise, Be creative, Be correct
  6. THE PROCESS OF WRITING:INVENTION, WHEN YOU START TO WRITE
  7. THE PROCESS OF WRITING II:ORGANIZING, DRAFTING, REVISING
  8. ALL ABOUT WORDS:HOW WORDS ARE FORMED?:SUFFIXES
  9. DICTIONARY-A WRITER’S LANGUAGE TOOL:KINDS OF INFORMATION
  10. PARTS OF SPEECH:Noun Gender, Noun Plurals, Countable Nouns
  11. BASIC CLAUSE PATTERNS
  12. ACTIVE AND PASSSIVE VOICE
  13. MODIFIERS AND SENTENCE TYPES:COMPOUND SENTENCES
  14. REPORTED SPEECH:Indirect Questions, Direct commands
  15. GRAMMATICAL SENTENCE – ISSUES:SUBJECT-VERB AGREEMENT
  16. GRAMMATICAL SENTENCE – ISSUES II:SENTENCE FRAGMENTS
  17. EFFECTIVE SENTENCE:PARALLELISM, NEEDED WORDS, SHIFTS
  18. STYLE: GUIDELINE AND PITFALLS I:COLLOQUIAL VS FORMAL, CIRCUMLOCUTION
  19. STYLE: GUIDELINE AND PITFALLS II:AMBIGUITY, REDUNDANCY, EUPHEMISM:
  20. PARAGRAPH WRITING: TYPES AND TECHNIQUES:STRUCTURE
  21. PARAGRAPH WRITING: TYPES AND TECHNIQUES:Putting on Our Play
  22. ESSAY WRITING:VARIOUS STRATEGIES FOR ESSAYS, PROMPTS
  23. SIGNAL WORDS:Non word Emphasis Signals
  24. EXPOSITORY WRITING:LOGICAL FALLACIES, APPEAL TO EMOTION
  25. THE WRITING STYLES: REPORT and NARRATIVE WRITING, SHORT REPORTS
  26. THE WRITING STYLES: DESCRIPTIVE AND PERSUASIVE WRITINGS, Observation
  27. RESEARCH WRITING AND DOCUMNETING SOURCES:Handling Long Quotations
  28. Summary and Précis Writing:CHARACTERISTICS OF GOOD SUMMARY
  29. Punctuation:THE PERIOD, THE COMMA, THE SEMICOLON, THE COLON
  30. MECHANICS:ABBREVIATIONS, NUMBERS, SPELLING, THE HYPHEN
  31. READING SKILLS FOR WRITERS:EDUCATED READING, STEPS
  32. PARTS OF A NEWSPAPER:Box-out, By-line, Caption, Exclusive, Feature
  33. THE LANGUAGE OF THE NEWSPAPERS II:BROADSHEET NEWSPAPER
  34. News Writing and Style I:WHAT TO LOOK FOR IN A NEWSPAPER
  35. NEWS WRITING II:Accuracy, Clarity, Style, Qualities of Effective Leads
  36. EDITORIAL WRITING:WRITING AN EDITORIAL:STRUCTURING AN EDITORIAL
  37. WRITING FEATURES:GENERATING FEATURE STORY IDEAS
  38. WRITING COLUMNS:Column and a news report, Purpose, Audience
  39. WRITING ARTICLES FOR NEWSPAPERS:The Heading, The Lead
  40. WRITING ANALYSIS:purpose, scope, method, results, recommendations
  41. LETTERS TO EDITORS:Four important aspects about letters, Organizing letters
  42. BROADCAST AND WEB NEWS WRITING:WRITE CONCISELY, BROADCAST STYLE
  43. WRITING PRESS RELEASE, REVIEWS AND OBITUARIES:Summary of Content:
  44. THE ART OF INTERVIEWINGS
  45. FINAL THOUGHTS:Practical, Job-Related, Social, Stimulating, Therapeutic