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Radio News Reporting and Production

JARGONS OF PRODUCTION (Continued):Frequency spectrum, Dead studio

<< PRODUCER & BUDGETING:Strengths of a Radio Program, Budgeting a Program
TYPES OF TALK:Qualification of a Talker, Essentials of a talk, Vetting a talk >>
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Radio News, Reporting and Production ­ MCM515
VU
LESSON 33
JARGONS OF PRODUCTION (Continued)
Frequency
The number of cycles a sound wave completes in one second is called frequency. Radio frequency is
measured in Hertz that is after a German physicist's name.
Frequency spectrum
It is a chart that shows the radio frequencies allocated to different radio stations. Radio frequencies are
allocated by Int'l Telecommunication Union-Geneva.
VLF
Very low frequency
10-30 KHz
MF
Medium frequency
300-3000 KHz
HF
High frequency
3-30 Mega Hz
Dead studio
A studio with no or very little echo or reverberation is called a dead studio.
Echo
The sound that bounces off one surface is called echo.
Reverberation
The sound that bounces off more than one surface is reverberation.
Hum
A low frequency noise problem caused by leaking of AC current into the audio signal is called hum.
Noise
Unwanted sound in electronic equipment or in the final recording is called noise.
Pitch
The highness or lowness of sound is called pitch.
Reflected Sound
A sound wave that bounces back to its original source is called reflected sound.
Reverb Ring
The time it takes for a sound to die out or go silent from full volume.
Tone
The quality of sound that distinguishes one sound from the other is called tone.
Talk
Talk is a detailed conversation of an expert with the audience on a topic. It is a kind of column.
Purpose of a talk
The purpose of this format is to educate, inform, or to create awareness amongst the target audience.
Types of talk
The following are the different types of talk.
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Radio News, Reporting and Production ­ MCM515
VU
Serious talks
Comic talks
Serious talks
The following are different types of serious talks.
1. Religious talks
Eid Milaad-un-Nabi Sallalaho Alaihi wa Aalihi Wasallam
Shab-e-Birr'at
Ramadan-ul-Mubarak
Eid-ul-Fitr
Eid-ul-Azhaa
Shab-e-Me'raaj
Shab-e-Qadr
Muharram-ul-Haraam
Youm-e-Aashoor
Death Anniversaries or Martyrdom Days of Azvaaje Mutah'hraat Rizwaanallaho Ta'aala
Anhumaa, Ehle Bait Alaihmussalaam, Sehaabe Ikraam Rizwaanallaho Ta'aala Anhum
Ajma'een , Bazurgaane Deen Rahmatullah Alaihi Ajma'een
2. National days
23rd March, Pakistan Day
14th August, Independence Day
Defense day, 6th September
Air force day, 7th September
Iqbal day, 9 November
Quaid day, 25th December
3. International days
May Day
Valentines Day,
Aids Day
Fathers' Day
Mothers' Day
Polio Day
Hepatitis Day
Anti Narcotics Day
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Table of Contents:
  1. WHAT RADIO IS:HISTORY OF RADIO, MARCONI –THE INVENTOR
  2. HISTORY OF RADIO:B.B.C. – 1922, Radio in Sub-Continent, PBC SERVICES
  3. OBJECTIVES OF BROADCASTING IN PAKISTAN:Information, Islamic ideology
  4. NEWS VALUES I:CONFLICT, PROGRESS, VICTORY AND DEFEAT
  5. NEWS VALUES II:TIMELINESS, PROXIMITY, NOVELTY, HUMAN INTEREST
  6. NEWS VALUES AND ELEMENTS OF NEWS:MISCELLANEOUS NEWS VALUES
  7. MEASURING THE IMPORTANCE OF NEWS:Intensity of an Event, NEWS STORY TYPES
  8. TYPES OF NEWS STORIES II:SIMPLE TYPES, ILLNESS, DEATH
  9. TYPES OF NEWS STORIES III:Conspiracy, Drug Trafficking, Lunar Months
  10. TYPES OF NEWS STORIES IV:COMPLEX NEWS, Forms of Government, Monarchy
  11. TYPES OF NEWS STORIES V:Education, Research, Religion
  12. TYPES OF NEWS STORIES VI:Lifestyles, Receptions, Entertainment
  13. SOURCES OF NEWS I:Network of Reporters, QUALITIES OF A REPORTER
  14. SOURCES OF NEWS II:MONITORING, NEWS/ PRESS RELEASE
  15. SOURCES OF NEWS III:National News Agencies, HARD NEWS, SOFT NEWS
  16. REPORTING:ORDER OF REPORTING, REPORTER’S QUALITIES, Well informed
  17. A SUCCESSFUL RADIO REPORTER:Briefing, Reporter’s Ammunition, Meeting Deadline
  18. INTERPRETATIVE REPORTING I:Growth of Interpretative Reporting
  19. INTERPRETATIVE REPORTING II:Factual Background, SPEECH STORY
  20. INTERPRETATIVE REPORTING III:FIRES & ACCIDENTS, CRIME STORIES
  21. INVESTIGATIVE REPORTING I:Thalidomide Scandal, Watergate Scandal
  22. INVESTIGATIVE REPORTING II:Identification of the problem, INTERVIEW
  23. TYPES OF INTERVIEW:Hard News Interview, Informational Interview
  24. ESSENTIALS OF A GOOD INTERVIEW I:Comments and Opinion, Topic must be specific
  25. ESSENTIALS OF A GOOD INTERVIEW II:Preparation of the Interview, Language
  26. RADIO NEWS GLOSSARY:Actuality, Cut, Voicer, Wrap, Hourly, Lead
  27. FUNDAMENTALS OF NEWS WRITING:Inverted Pyramided Style, Telling the Story
  28. FUNDAMENTALS OF WRITING NEWS FOR RADIO I:Language
  29. FUNDAMENTALS OF WRITING NEWS FOR RADIO II:Complex numbers
  30. ESSENTIALS OF A NEWSCASTER:Authority, Credibility, Language, Pronunciation
  31. PRODUCTION AND PLANNING:Principals of Planning a Program
  32. PRODUCER & BUDGETING:Strengths of a Radio Program, Budgeting a Program
  33. JARGONS OF PRODUCTION (Continued):Frequency spectrum, Dead studio
  34. TYPES OF TALK:Qualification of a Talker, Essentials of a talk, Vetting a talk
  35. DISCUSSION:Controlled Discussion, Live Discussion, Current affairs
  36. DISCUSSION:Selection of the TopicKnowledge of the Topic, Narrowing down the topic
  37. RADIO FEATURE:Sound Effects, Narration, Dramatic Feature, Religion, Personalities
  38. RADIO DOCUMENTARY:Commentary, History, Persons, Things, Phenomena
  39. DRAMA:Solo plays, Series, Serial, Soap, Components of Drama
  40. SPECIAL AUDIENCE PROGRAM:Children’s Programs, Women’s programs
  41. SPORTS PROGRAM:Live Programs, Recorded Programs, Preparation of OB
  42. THE MUSIC I:Folk Music, Classical Music, Light Music, Pop Music
  43. THE MUSIC II:Classification of Raga In Terms Of Notes, Aado, Khaado
  44. ETHICS & LIMITATIONS OF MEDIA:Domain of Freedom of Media, Defamation
  45. RECAP:What Radio Is, Timeliness, Elements of news, Types of Reporting, Production