ZeePedia
Radio News Reporting and Production

INVESTIGATIVE REPORTING II:Identification of the problem, INTERVIEW

<< INVESTIGATIVE REPORTING I:Thalidomide Scandal, Watergate Scandal
TYPES OF INTERVIEW:Hard News Interview, Informational Interview >>
img
Radio News, Reporting and Production ­ MCM515
VU
LESSON 22
INVESTIGATIVE REPORTING II
Planning & Producing an Investigative Report
The planning of investigative report involves great deal of research and knowledge of the area or the topic
the reporter intends to probe into. Have a well planned start and minimize the chances of failure to the
maximum.
While planning an investigative report a reporter must go through the following step:
1) Identification of the problem
First of all the reporter must have the precise knowledge of the matter he intends to make a report about.
There are certain problems or matters which demand interpretative report and there is no need of
investigative report. It is the quality of the reporter that how he smells something suspicious that needs to
be investigated into. He comes to know that there is something about the incident that some forces are
trying to keep secret or the real facts of some matter are being kept concealed deliberately. The reporter
tries to dig out the real facts and then these facts are put on air in the form of an investigative report.
Hence, unless the reporter knows the actual problem, he will not be able to make his direction to his
destination.
2) Make An Initial List Of Potential Interviewees
The next step after identifying the area of the reporting is to make a list of those people who are needed to
be interviewed. These are the ones who are directly or indirectly involved in the issue.
3) Interviews of affectees
Investigative reporting is needed for such incidents in which due to some reason, people get affected. It can
be because of any fraud, or because of accident owing to negligence of any person, or because of
corruption, or because of nepotism. The expressions of those people who get injured or affected directly are
very important to be recorded. The reason is that these are those people who have the right information
about the happening of the incident.
4) Interviews of probable affecters.
5) Opinion of experts.
6) Opinion of concerned authorities.
Example:
Problem: People living in the near-by areas of tanneries are suffering from fatal diseases like hepatitis B &
C.
Point to ponder upon:
The cases of the said disease are found in other areas as well or particularly the inhabitants near the
tanneries are catching fatal diseases?
If the research proves that only those people are getting affected who are the near-by residents of the
tanneries then the focal point of the research would be to search for the reasons. The reporter will try to
find out the relation between the diseases and the tanneries.
It is a proven truth now that the chemicals in the wastes & discharges of the factories and tanneries when
having not been disposed off the way they should be, diffuse into the soil and pollute the water beneath the
earth. The same polluted water people draw out through hand pumps and use for drinking and other
purposes. Even if the plants and crops are provided with the same contaminated water, their yield and
growth also get affected and poisonous fruits and vegetables grow. This impure water is the heinous source
of spreading deadly and highly hazardous diseases among human beings and animals if they constantly
intake it.
63
img
Radio News, Reporting and Production ­ MCM515
VU
·
The investigative reporter will look into the ways and methods of disposing off the discharges.
·
Chemical tests of underground water will be obtained.
·
The affectees will be interviewed.
·
The experts of the field will be contacted and their expert comments will be recorded.
·
The owners' point of view will be recorded.
·
The opinion and the standpoint of the ministry of health will be recorded.
·
The ministry of industry will be questioned.
INTERVIEW
Interview is an informal conversation with a person in which a reporter asks questions in order to dig out
his/her opinions regarding a certain matter.
Interrogation
The process of asking somebody a lot of questions, especially in an aggressive way in order to get
information is called interrogation.
Interviewer
The person who asks the questions in an interview is called interviewer.
Interviewee
The person who answers the questions in an interview is called interviewee.
Purpose of the interview
To get usable audio for news bulletin in order to make the item credible is the main objective of the
interview.
Types of interview
·  Hard news interview
·  Informational interview
·  Investigative interview
·  Adversarial interview
·  Interpretative interview
·  Personal interview
·  Emotional interview
·  Entertainment interview
·  Actuality interview
·  Telephone or remote interview
·  Vox pop & multiple interviews
·  Grabbed interview
Hard News Interview
Hard news interview is conducted to illustrate a news item­ to highlight facts and figure. 5 Ws & one H are
covered in hard news interview, for instance:
·  When actually the fire did break out?
·  What was the cause of the fire?
·  Is there any casualty?
·  Which hospital the injured have been taken to?
Informational Interview
It is similar to the hard news interview. It extends to ordinary stories as well---about something that is
happening or happened or about to happen. It provides the background of the event as well.
64
img
Radio News, Reporting and Production ­ MCM515
VU
For instance in this kind of interview following type of questions are asked:
·
How long did the fire brigade take to reach the spot?
·
How long did the fire brigade take to put out the fire?
·
What are company's plans to avoid these kinds of mishaps?
·
Will the company pay any compensation to the affected families?
·
Was the company insured?
Investigative Interview
Investigative interview is carried out to get behind the facts­ to dig out the actual reasons of the accident/
train collision/ air crash/ and the real factors or persons responsible for the accident are brought on
surface.
Some example situations calling for investigative interviews are as under:
·
Why the team showed poor performance in the match despite having been provided with the best
facilities and trained by the best coach?
·
Why the minister resigned from his office?
·
Why is our film industry not getting up to its feet?
·
Why didn't the fire brigade reach the spot in time?
·
Why the tank of the fire brigade ran short of water while putting out the fire?
65
Table of Contents:
  1. WHAT RADIO IS:HISTORY OF RADIO, MARCONI –THE INVENTOR
  2. HISTORY OF RADIO:B.B.C. – 1922, Radio in Sub-Continent, PBC SERVICES
  3. OBJECTIVES OF BROADCASTING IN PAKISTAN:Information, Islamic ideology
  4. NEWS VALUES I:CONFLICT, PROGRESS, VICTORY AND DEFEAT
  5. NEWS VALUES II:TIMELINESS, PROXIMITY, NOVELTY, HUMAN INTEREST
  6. NEWS VALUES AND ELEMENTS OF NEWS:MISCELLANEOUS NEWS VALUES
  7. MEASURING THE IMPORTANCE OF NEWS:Intensity of an Event, NEWS STORY TYPES
  8. TYPES OF NEWS STORIES II:SIMPLE TYPES, ILLNESS, DEATH
  9. TYPES OF NEWS STORIES III:Conspiracy, Drug Trafficking, Lunar Months
  10. TYPES OF NEWS STORIES IV:COMPLEX NEWS, Forms of Government, Monarchy
  11. TYPES OF NEWS STORIES V:Education, Research, Religion
  12. TYPES OF NEWS STORIES VI:Lifestyles, Receptions, Entertainment
  13. SOURCES OF NEWS I:Network of Reporters, QUALITIES OF A REPORTER
  14. SOURCES OF NEWS II:MONITORING, NEWS/ PRESS RELEASE
  15. SOURCES OF NEWS III:National News Agencies, HARD NEWS, SOFT NEWS
  16. REPORTING:ORDER OF REPORTING, REPORTER’S QUALITIES, Well informed
  17. A SUCCESSFUL RADIO REPORTER:Briefing, Reporter’s Ammunition, Meeting Deadline
  18. INTERPRETATIVE REPORTING I:Growth of Interpretative Reporting
  19. INTERPRETATIVE REPORTING II:Factual Background, SPEECH STORY
  20. INTERPRETATIVE REPORTING III:FIRES & ACCIDENTS, CRIME STORIES
  21. INVESTIGATIVE REPORTING I:Thalidomide Scandal, Watergate Scandal
  22. INVESTIGATIVE REPORTING II:Identification of the problem, INTERVIEW
  23. TYPES OF INTERVIEW:Hard News Interview, Informational Interview
  24. ESSENTIALS OF A GOOD INTERVIEW I:Comments and Opinion, Topic must be specific
  25. ESSENTIALS OF A GOOD INTERVIEW II:Preparation of the Interview, Language
  26. RADIO NEWS GLOSSARY:Actuality, Cut, Voicer, Wrap, Hourly, Lead
  27. FUNDAMENTALS OF NEWS WRITING:Inverted Pyramided Style, Telling the Story
  28. FUNDAMENTALS OF WRITING NEWS FOR RADIO I:Language
  29. FUNDAMENTALS OF WRITING NEWS FOR RADIO II:Complex numbers
  30. ESSENTIALS OF A NEWSCASTER:Authority, Credibility, Language, Pronunciation
  31. PRODUCTION AND PLANNING:Principals of Planning a Program
  32. PRODUCER & BUDGETING:Strengths of a Radio Program, Budgeting a Program
  33. JARGONS OF PRODUCTION (Continued):Frequency spectrum, Dead studio
  34. TYPES OF TALK:Qualification of a Talker, Essentials of a talk, Vetting a talk
  35. DISCUSSION:Controlled Discussion, Live Discussion, Current affairs
  36. DISCUSSION:Selection of the TopicKnowledge of the Topic, Narrowing down the topic
  37. RADIO FEATURE:Sound Effects, Narration, Dramatic Feature, Religion, Personalities
  38. RADIO DOCUMENTARY:Commentary, History, Persons, Things, Phenomena
  39. DRAMA:Solo plays, Series, Serial, Soap, Components of Drama
  40. SPECIAL AUDIENCE PROGRAM:Children’s Programs, Women’s programs
  41. SPORTS PROGRAM:Live Programs, Recorded Programs, Preparation of OB
  42. THE MUSIC I:Folk Music, Classical Music, Light Music, Pop Music
  43. THE MUSIC II:Classification of Raga In Terms Of Notes, Aado, Khaado
  44. ETHICS & LIMITATIONS OF MEDIA:Domain of Freedom of Media, Defamation
  45. RECAP:What Radio Is, Timeliness, Elements of news, Types of Reporting, Production