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Radio News Reporting and Production

FUNDAMENTALS OF WRITING NEWS FOR RADIO II:Complex numbers

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Radio News, Reporting and Production ­ MCM515
VU
LESSON 29
FUNDAMENTALS OF WRITING NEWS FOR RADIO II
14. Figures
Write figures in words.
30,00,000
30 Lacs/ thirty lacs
5400
5 thousand 4 hundred
Rs. 4000
4 thousand rupees
$ 6 billion
6 billion dollars
Rs. 90.50
90 rupees fifty paisas
Complex numbers
Avoid using complex numbers but give round figures.
84850------------------------------------ Almost 85 thousand
9.8 million-------------------------------Nearly 10 million
59 years, 7 months & 80 days -------almost 60 years
15. Avoid portraying gender difference
Policemen----police officers.
Firemen----fire fighters.
An average teacher complains he is not getting paid according to his duties.
But
Teachers complain they are not getting paid according to their duties.
Developing a News Story
WHAT formula
W....What has happened? (The lead)
H.....How did it happen? (The background or context of the story)
A.....Amplify the introduction. (Describe main points in the order of importance)
T.....Tie up loose ends.(Additional background material)
First line
The intro of the news item must be Short, Catchy and Crispy. Don't tell the whole story in the first line.
Last line
The last line should conclude the story and point to next development if any. For instance, Foreign
Secretaries of SAARC countries met in Islamabad. They will again meet in New Delhi.
The last line of a news item is as important as the lead. It must be positive and strong.
Weak Ending
The culprits will be dealt with iron hands- the Prime Minister said.
Strong Ending
The Prime Minister said the culprits will be dealt with iron hands.
Weak Ending
The union leader threatens to go on strike unless the authorities surrender to them
80
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Radio News, Reporting and Production ­ MCM515
VU
Strong Ending
The union leader threatens to go on strike unless the authorities surrender to their demands.
SUMMARY
·  Avoid written expression.
·  Avoid literary expression.
·  Avoid every expression that is particular with newspaper.
·  Avoid long word where short one works.
·  If it does without a word you have used, cut it out.
·  Avoid jargon where colloquial equivalent is available.
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Table of Contents:
  1. WHAT RADIO IS:HISTORY OF RADIO, MARCONI –THE INVENTOR
  2. HISTORY OF RADIO:B.B.C. – 1922, Radio in Sub-Continent, PBC SERVICES
  3. OBJECTIVES OF BROADCASTING IN PAKISTAN:Information, Islamic ideology
  4. NEWS VALUES I:CONFLICT, PROGRESS, VICTORY AND DEFEAT
  5. NEWS VALUES II:TIMELINESS, PROXIMITY, NOVELTY, HUMAN INTEREST
  6. NEWS VALUES AND ELEMENTS OF NEWS:MISCELLANEOUS NEWS VALUES
  7. MEASURING THE IMPORTANCE OF NEWS:Intensity of an Event, NEWS STORY TYPES
  8. TYPES OF NEWS STORIES II:SIMPLE TYPES, ILLNESS, DEATH
  9. TYPES OF NEWS STORIES III:Conspiracy, Drug Trafficking, Lunar Months
  10. TYPES OF NEWS STORIES IV:COMPLEX NEWS, Forms of Government, Monarchy
  11. TYPES OF NEWS STORIES V:Education, Research, Religion
  12. TYPES OF NEWS STORIES VI:Lifestyles, Receptions, Entertainment
  13. SOURCES OF NEWS I:Network of Reporters, QUALITIES OF A REPORTER
  14. SOURCES OF NEWS II:MONITORING, NEWS/ PRESS RELEASE
  15. SOURCES OF NEWS III:National News Agencies, HARD NEWS, SOFT NEWS
  16. REPORTING:ORDER OF REPORTING, REPORTER’S QUALITIES, Well informed
  17. A SUCCESSFUL RADIO REPORTER:Briefing, Reporter’s Ammunition, Meeting Deadline
  18. INTERPRETATIVE REPORTING I:Growth of Interpretative Reporting
  19. INTERPRETATIVE REPORTING II:Factual Background, SPEECH STORY
  20. INTERPRETATIVE REPORTING III:FIRES & ACCIDENTS, CRIME STORIES
  21. INVESTIGATIVE REPORTING I:Thalidomide Scandal, Watergate Scandal
  22. INVESTIGATIVE REPORTING II:Identification of the problem, INTERVIEW
  23. TYPES OF INTERVIEW:Hard News Interview, Informational Interview
  24. ESSENTIALS OF A GOOD INTERVIEW I:Comments and Opinion, Topic must be specific
  25. ESSENTIALS OF A GOOD INTERVIEW II:Preparation of the Interview, Language
  26. RADIO NEWS GLOSSARY:Actuality, Cut, Voicer, Wrap, Hourly, Lead
  27. FUNDAMENTALS OF NEWS WRITING:Inverted Pyramided Style, Telling the Story
  28. FUNDAMENTALS OF WRITING NEWS FOR RADIO I:Language
  29. FUNDAMENTALS OF WRITING NEWS FOR RADIO II:Complex numbers
  30. ESSENTIALS OF A NEWSCASTER:Authority, Credibility, Language, Pronunciation
  31. PRODUCTION AND PLANNING:Principals of Planning a Program
  32. PRODUCER & BUDGETING:Strengths of a Radio Program, Budgeting a Program
  33. JARGONS OF PRODUCTION (Continued):Frequency spectrum, Dead studio
  34. TYPES OF TALK:Qualification of a Talker, Essentials of a talk, Vetting a talk
  35. DISCUSSION:Controlled Discussion, Live Discussion, Current affairs
  36. DISCUSSION:Selection of the TopicKnowledge of the Topic, Narrowing down the topic
  37. RADIO FEATURE:Sound Effects, Narration, Dramatic Feature, Religion, Personalities
  38. RADIO DOCUMENTARY:Commentary, History, Persons, Things, Phenomena
  39. DRAMA:Solo plays, Series, Serial, Soap, Components of Drama
  40. SPECIAL AUDIENCE PROGRAM:Children’s Programs, Women’s programs
  41. SPORTS PROGRAM:Live Programs, Recorded Programs, Preparation of OB
  42. THE MUSIC I:Folk Music, Classical Music, Light Music, Pop Music
  43. THE MUSIC II:Classification of Raga In Terms Of Notes, Aado, Khaado
  44. ETHICS & LIMITATIONS OF MEDIA:Domain of Freedom of Media, Defamation
  45. RECAP:What Radio Is, Timeliness, Elements of news, Types of Reporting, Production