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Radio News Reporting and Production

ESSENTIALS OF A NEWSCASTER:Authority, Credibility, Language, Pronunciation

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Radio News, Reporting and Production ­ MCM515
VU
LESSON 30
ESSENTIALS OF A NEWSCASTER
Newscaster - The Anchorperson
Newscaster is the person who reads the news to the listeners on radio and conducts interviews if needed.
Essentials of a Newscaster
A good news caster must posses the following essentials:
1. Authority
Authority as defined by David Dunhill, BBC Voice Trainer, Former Newscaster.
"Authority is not a sound. Authority is a state of knowing what you are talking about and being
able to explain it convincingly and readily to somebody else."
2. Credibility
A newscaster must be a good journalist not a good actor. Good journalist means that he has got ample
knowledge of what he is reading out to the listeners. It must appear from his tone whatever he is reading
out, he must know its worth as well otherwise he has ample chances to commit mistake. Sometimes it
happens that the composer of the news script makes some errors in the spellings or in the names of the
proper nouns. In such cases, if the newscaster is ignorant of basic facts and figures, he will not be able to
correct the information and wrong information will go on air. From event to the broadcast, a news story
passes through many hands but the newscaster is the person who enters into the scene at the end and holds
the final presentation. It implies that manifold responsibility lies with him/her. Knowledge is confidence
and knowledge is credibility.
A newscaster must have an insight of national and international issues. He must know the names of
presidents of important countries, prime ministers, capital names, currencies, etc. He must know the names
and respective departments of federal and provincial ministers, secretaries and other important government
officials.
Harry Ratliff ­ Bureau Chief, CBS News
"I am not interested in newsreaders ­ actors reading the news ­ it debases the news. Many of them
don't know what they are reading. When they interview someone they read questions somebody
else has written. That's wrong. The news ought to be told by journalists--they have more
credibility."
Language
We talk about language in terms of grammar, pronunciation and accent. As far as grammar is concerned, a
newscaster must be well versed in the rules and principals of the language he is reading news in. Some
important areas regarding grammar to be concentrated by a newscaster are: Tenses; Nouns; Verbs;
Adjectives; Structures; Use of conditionals; Causatives.
Pronunciation
Whatever the language is if the pronunciation of the speaker is bad it gives bad impression and sometimes it
changes the meaning of the word as well. For instance,
Sentence (noun) means a set of words that carries a subject and a verb; and conveys a message.
Sen`tence (verb) means to announce punishment.
Rebel (noun) the person who fights against the government of his country.
Re`bel (verb) the act of fighting against the government of his country.
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Radio News, Reporting and Production ­ MCM515
VU
A good and professional newscaster is always curious about the pronunciation of any new word that comes
to his knowledge.
To be accurate regarding a professional newscaster knows the art of looking up dictionary for which the
knowledge of Phonetics, Vowel Sounds, Consonant Sounds, Syllables, and Stresses- Primary, Secondary, &
Tertiary stresses, is a must.
Accent
Accent is not necessary to be followed but pronunciation is something that must not be compromised.
Unbiased
A professional newscaster is the one who is unbiased at least when he/she is reading out news bulletin. He
must be able to hide his feelings of hatred or liking for any one whose news he is reading out.
Punctual
Rain or storm, a newscaster is in form. What may come in the way, a newscaster has to reach the studio at
least 30 minutes before the bulletin starts so that he may go through the script well in advance.
Voice
As far as the voice quality of a newscaster is concerned, it must be:
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Good but not necessarily exceptionally good.
·
Comfortable.
·
Confident.
·
Clear.
·
Healthy.
·
Lively.
·
Microphone friendly.
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Table of Contents:
  1. WHAT RADIO IS:HISTORY OF RADIO, MARCONI –THE INVENTOR
  2. HISTORY OF RADIO:B.B.C. – 1922, Radio in Sub-Continent, PBC SERVICES
  3. OBJECTIVES OF BROADCASTING IN PAKISTAN:Information, Islamic ideology
  4. NEWS VALUES I:CONFLICT, PROGRESS, VICTORY AND DEFEAT
  5. NEWS VALUES II:TIMELINESS, PROXIMITY, NOVELTY, HUMAN INTEREST
  6. NEWS VALUES AND ELEMENTS OF NEWS:MISCELLANEOUS NEWS VALUES
  7. MEASURING THE IMPORTANCE OF NEWS:Intensity of an Event, NEWS STORY TYPES
  8. TYPES OF NEWS STORIES II:SIMPLE TYPES, ILLNESS, DEATH
  9. TYPES OF NEWS STORIES III:Conspiracy, Drug Trafficking, Lunar Months
  10. TYPES OF NEWS STORIES IV:COMPLEX NEWS, Forms of Government, Monarchy
  11. TYPES OF NEWS STORIES V:Education, Research, Religion
  12. TYPES OF NEWS STORIES VI:Lifestyles, Receptions, Entertainment
  13. SOURCES OF NEWS I:Network of Reporters, QUALITIES OF A REPORTER
  14. SOURCES OF NEWS II:MONITORING, NEWS/ PRESS RELEASE
  15. SOURCES OF NEWS III:National News Agencies, HARD NEWS, SOFT NEWS
  16. REPORTING:ORDER OF REPORTING, REPORTER’S QUALITIES, Well informed
  17. A SUCCESSFUL RADIO REPORTER:Briefing, Reporter’s Ammunition, Meeting Deadline
  18. INTERPRETATIVE REPORTING I:Growth of Interpretative Reporting
  19. INTERPRETATIVE REPORTING II:Factual Background, SPEECH STORY
  20. INTERPRETATIVE REPORTING III:FIRES & ACCIDENTS, CRIME STORIES
  21. INVESTIGATIVE REPORTING I:Thalidomide Scandal, Watergate Scandal
  22. INVESTIGATIVE REPORTING II:Identification of the problem, INTERVIEW
  23. TYPES OF INTERVIEW:Hard News Interview, Informational Interview
  24. ESSENTIALS OF A GOOD INTERVIEW I:Comments and Opinion, Topic must be specific
  25. ESSENTIALS OF A GOOD INTERVIEW II:Preparation of the Interview, Language
  26. RADIO NEWS GLOSSARY:Actuality, Cut, Voicer, Wrap, Hourly, Lead
  27. FUNDAMENTALS OF NEWS WRITING:Inverted Pyramided Style, Telling the Story
  28. FUNDAMENTALS OF WRITING NEWS FOR RADIO I:Language
  29. FUNDAMENTALS OF WRITING NEWS FOR RADIO II:Complex numbers
  30. ESSENTIALS OF A NEWSCASTER:Authority, Credibility, Language, Pronunciation
  31. PRODUCTION AND PLANNING:Principals of Planning a Program
  32. PRODUCER & BUDGETING:Strengths of a Radio Program, Budgeting a Program
  33. JARGONS OF PRODUCTION (Continued):Frequency spectrum, Dead studio
  34. TYPES OF TALK:Qualification of a Talker, Essentials of a talk, Vetting a talk
  35. DISCUSSION:Controlled Discussion, Live Discussion, Current affairs
  36. DISCUSSION:Selection of the TopicKnowledge of the Topic, Narrowing down the topic
  37. RADIO FEATURE:Sound Effects, Narration, Dramatic Feature, Religion, Personalities
  38. RADIO DOCUMENTARY:Commentary, History, Persons, Things, Phenomena
  39. DRAMA:Solo plays, Series, Serial, Soap, Components of Drama
  40. SPECIAL AUDIENCE PROGRAM:Children’s Programs, Women’s programs
  41. SPORTS PROGRAM:Live Programs, Recorded Programs, Preparation of OB
  42. THE MUSIC I:Folk Music, Classical Music, Light Music, Pop Music
  43. THE MUSIC II:Classification of Raga In Terms Of Notes, Aado, Khaado
  44. ETHICS & LIMITATIONS OF MEDIA:Domain of Freedom of Media, Defamation
  45. RECAP:What Radio Is, Timeliness, Elements of news, Types of Reporting, Production