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Radio News Reporting and Production

ESSENTIALS OF A GOOD INTERVIEW I:Comments and Opinion, Topic must be specific

<< TYPES OF INTERVIEW:Hard News Interview, Informational Interview
ESSENTIALS OF A GOOD INTERVIEW II:Preparation of the Interview, Language >>
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Radio News, Reporting and Production ­ MCM515
VU
LESSON 24
ESSENTIALS OF A GOOD INTERVIEW I
While conducting any kind of interview we have gone through, the interviewer must carry the following
points in his mind if he/she wishes to have a quality interview:
Objective to be achieved must be clear
It means "What is to be achieved?", either pure information or comments and opinions.
·  Pure information. (accidents, disasters, floods)
Some examples of pure information oriented questions are as under:
·
What caused the fire?
·
What difficulties did the fire-fighters have?
·
What was the intensity of fire?
·
What is the new venture of top heroin?
·
Which song do you like most?
·
What is Pakistan's new education policy?
·
What incentives has Pakistan announced to allure foreign investors to invest in Pakistan?
·  Comments and Opinion
Some examples of pure "comments and opinion" oriented questions are as under:
·
Why do we need a new dam?
·
What will be the reaction of the settlers over there?
·
What if new dams are not planned and constructed?
·
Why do you think Pakistan lost hockey champions trophy?
·
What do you suggest cricket players to maintain consistency in their performance?
Topic must be specific
The topic about which the reporter has to ask from the interviewer must be specific and narrowed down
otherwise the interview will not be well-focused and the listener and the interviewee will remain confused.
Possible topics regarding Education
·  Primary Education
·  Secondary Education
·  High School Education
·  Higher Education
·  Masters Level
·  Research Level
·  Government's policy about Primary Education
·  Budget Allocation
·  Number of schools in Rural Areas / Urban Areas
Research
The most important factor a reporter needs to keep in mind is research. Interviewer must extend his/her
research to the following components of the interview:
Topic
To have adequate knowledge about the topic reporter may consult the following sources
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Radio News, Reporting and Production ­ MCM515
VU
·
Newspapers
·
Magazines
·
Books
·
Experts
Interviewee
·  Relatives/ friends must be contacted to get maximum and accurate knowledge about the
interviewee.
·  Achievements/ distinctions/ publications of the interviewee must be known to the interviewer.
·  Temperament/ Attitude of the interviewer must be known to the interviewer.
Preparation of the Interview
Questions
Good questions produce good answers. The questions must be able to get answers.
Types of questions
1. Questions demanding either YES or NO
These questions start with helping verbs. For instance:
·
Will you join the organization?
·
Do you think Pakistan will win the match?
·
Do you agree with the changes in the cast of the film?
2. Question words demanding names, places and timing
The questions that start with helping words:
·
Who asks name.
·
When asks timing.
·
Where asks location.
3. Questions words demanding Interpretation
·
What asks the nature of the incident.
·
Why asks the reason, the explanation.
·
How asks the way an incident took place.
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Table of Contents:
  1. WHAT RADIO IS:HISTORY OF RADIO, MARCONI –THE INVENTOR
  2. HISTORY OF RADIO:B.B.C. – 1922, Radio in Sub-Continent, PBC SERVICES
  3. OBJECTIVES OF BROADCASTING IN PAKISTAN:Information, Islamic ideology
  4. NEWS VALUES I:CONFLICT, PROGRESS, VICTORY AND DEFEAT
  5. NEWS VALUES II:TIMELINESS, PROXIMITY, NOVELTY, HUMAN INTEREST
  6. NEWS VALUES AND ELEMENTS OF NEWS:MISCELLANEOUS NEWS VALUES
  7. MEASURING THE IMPORTANCE OF NEWS:Intensity of an Event, NEWS STORY TYPES
  8. TYPES OF NEWS STORIES II:SIMPLE TYPES, ILLNESS, DEATH
  9. TYPES OF NEWS STORIES III:Conspiracy, Drug Trafficking, Lunar Months
  10. TYPES OF NEWS STORIES IV:COMPLEX NEWS, Forms of Government, Monarchy
  11. TYPES OF NEWS STORIES V:Education, Research, Religion
  12. TYPES OF NEWS STORIES VI:Lifestyles, Receptions, Entertainment
  13. SOURCES OF NEWS I:Network of Reporters, QUALITIES OF A REPORTER
  14. SOURCES OF NEWS II:MONITORING, NEWS/ PRESS RELEASE
  15. SOURCES OF NEWS III:National News Agencies, HARD NEWS, SOFT NEWS
  16. REPORTING:ORDER OF REPORTING, REPORTER’S QUALITIES, Well informed
  17. A SUCCESSFUL RADIO REPORTER:Briefing, Reporter’s Ammunition, Meeting Deadline
  18. INTERPRETATIVE REPORTING I:Growth of Interpretative Reporting
  19. INTERPRETATIVE REPORTING II:Factual Background, SPEECH STORY
  20. INTERPRETATIVE REPORTING III:FIRES & ACCIDENTS, CRIME STORIES
  21. INVESTIGATIVE REPORTING I:Thalidomide Scandal, Watergate Scandal
  22. INVESTIGATIVE REPORTING II:Identification of the problem, INTERVIEW
  23. TYPES OF INTERVIEW:Hard News Interview, Informational Interview
  24. ESSENTIALS OF A GOOD INTERVIEW I:Comments and Opinion, Topic must be specific
  25. ESSENTIALS OF A GOOD INTERVIEW II:Preparation of the Interview, Language
  26. RADIO NEWS GLOSSARY:Actuality, Cut, Voicer, Wrap, Hourly, Lead
  27. FUNDAMENTALS OF NEWS WRITING:Inverted Pyramided Style, Telling the Story
  28. FUNDAMENTALS OF WRITING NEWS FOR RADIO I:Language
  29. FUNDAMENTALS OF WRITING NEWS FOR RADIO II:Complex numbers
  30. ESSENTIALS OF A NEWSCASTER:Authority, Credibility, Language, Pronunciation
  31. PRODUCTION AND PLANNING:Principals of Planning a Program
  32. PRODUCER & BUDGETING:Strengths of a Radio Program, Budgeting a Program
  33. JARGONS OF PRODUCTION (Continued):Frequency spectrum, Dead studio
  34. TYPES OF TALK:Qualification of a Talker, Essentials of a talk, Vetting a talk
  35. DISCUSSION:Controlled Discussion, Live Discussion, Current affairs
  36. DISCUSSION:Selection of the TopicKnowledge of the Topic, Narrowing down the topic
  37. RADIO FEATURE:Sound Effects, Narration, Dramatic Feature, Religion, Personalities
  38. RADIO DOCUMENTARY:Commentary, History, Persons, Things, Phenomena
  39. DRAMA:Solo plays, Series, Serial, Soap, Components of Drama
  40. SPECIAL AUDIENCE PROGRAM:Children’s Programs, Women’s programs
  41. SPORTS PROGRAM:Live Programs, Recorded Programs, Preparation of OB
  42. THE MUSIC I:Folk Music, Classical Music, Light Music, Pop Music
  43. THE MUSIC II:Classification of Raga In Terms Of Notes, Aado, Khaado
  44. ETHICS & LIMITATIONS OF MEDIA:Domain of Freedom of Media, Defamation
  45. RECAP:What Radio Is, Timeliness, Elements of news, Types of Reporting, Production