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TV News Reporting and Production

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TV News Reporting and Production ­ MCM 516
VU
LESSON 28
STRUCTURE OF NEWS DEPARTMENT
One of the traditional mass communications is the presence of a large number of gatekeepers. This fact
is seen in gathering and reporting of news for conventional print and broadcast media.
Reporting is a team effort and quite a few members of the team serve as gatekeepers. Online reporting
in contrast may have only one or a few gatekeepers.
There are two main sources of news; staff reports and the wire services. Other less important sources
include feature syndicates as well as handouts and releases from various public and private sources.
The City Editor is the captain of the news reporting team. He or she assigns stories to the reporters and
supervises their work.
There are two types of reporters:
 Beat Reporters
Cover some topics on regular basis, such as crime beat or health beat.
General assignment reporters
Cover what ever assignment is given to them or come up.
A typical day for the general assignment reporter might consist of covering an auto accident, a speech,
by a visiting politician and a rock concert. Stories from the reporters are passed along to the city editor,
where they are approved and sent to the copy desk for further editing.
The Managing Editor and the Assistant Managing Editor are also part of the news team. They are
responsible for the overall daily preparation of news bulletins.
The city editor can decide not to cover a story in the first place or not to run a story even if the event is
covered.
The reporter has wide latitude of judgment over what he or she chooses to include in the story.
The Copy Editor can change the story as needed and the Managing Editor has the power to emphasize
or de-emphasize the story to fit the needs of the day.
Organization of a newspaper news room
Managing editor
City editor
Wire editor
City editor
Photographers
Reporters
Beat reporters
General assignment reporters
The sources of news for the broadcast media are similar to those for the news paper. Special Wire
Services cater to television and radio stations and local reporters are assigned to cover nearby events. In
addition many broadcast and telecast news rooms subscribe to Syndicated News Services or if
affiliated with a network have access to the net's news feed.
The telecast newsroom is organized along different lines from its print counterpart.
At the Local Stations, News Director is in-charge of over all news operation.
In Large Stations, most News Directors spend their time on administrative work, personnel,
budgets, equipment and so on.
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TV News Reporting and Production ­ MCM 516
VU
In Smaller Stations most news directors perform other functions such as being anchorperson as
well.
Next in command is Executive Producer who supervises all the producers in the news room. Typically
producers are assigned to the early morning, morning, noon, evening, night, and late-night newscast.
In addition to looking after the producer, executive producer might also produce the evening news,
typically the stations most important programme.
Organization of a TV news room
News director
Executive producer
Assignment editor
Producers
Reporters
Editors
Online media
The structure of an online news organization may take several shapes. In some operations, the online
division may be separated and independent entity, in others, the online segment may be integrated with
the parent print or broadcast news organizations.
The news flow in an online news department is similar to that in the traditional media. Top executives
decide how the site will be structured and how many specialty area e.g. sports, financial, weather,
entertainment it will contain.
Editors decide what content will be used on the website, which stories will have additional audio and
video files, where the stories will be places and how often they will be updated. Staff members skilled in
website design take care of the technical side.
Online news department that are affiliated with the broadcast or cable networks, use the audio and video
appeared on the parent network, but may edit it differently.
Other stories may be rewritten from wire copy or from copy that has appeared in print or on the air. Not
all but some online news however is recycled. Most online news staffs also employ reporters who do
original reporting for the website.
Organization of an online newsroom
Executive editor
Producer
Design managers
Producer
Editors
Reporters
Design managers
Multimedia designers
Web technicians
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Table of Contents:
  1. CREATIVITY AND IDEA GENERATION FOR TELEVISION:Video Procedures
  2. PRE-REQUISITES OF A CREATIVE PRODUCER/DIRECTOR:SET-UP RESPONSIBILITIES
  3. REFINING AN IDEA FOR PRODUCTION:Drama, Magazine Shows, Documentary
  4. CONCEPT DEVELOPMENT:Variable. Pure and applied research
  5. RESEARCH AND REVIEWS:Research Procedure, Review of available literature
  6. SCRIPT WRITING:Elements of a successful story, Characters, Effects
  7. PRE-PRODUCTION PHASE:Indoor production, Outdoor production, Essentials of PBE
  8. SELECTION OF REQUIRED CONTENT AND TALENT:Camera rehearsal
  9. PROGRAMME PLANNING:Checklist, Electronic Field Production (EFP)
  10. PRODUCTION PHASE:Floor plan, Traditional set, Representational set, Design elements
  11. CAMERA WORK:Movement of lens of camera, Types of shots
  12. LIGHT AND AUDIO:Importance of sound in TV, Use of microphone, Loudness
  13. DAY OF RECORDING/PRODUCTION:Rehearsals,Point to ponder
  14. LINEAR EDITING AND NLE:Episode, Scene, Editing, Production Switcher
  15. MIXING AND USES OF EFFECTS:Live Sound Effects, ARROW STRIKING
  16. SELECTION OF THE NEWS:Elements of news, Timeliness, proximity
  17. WRITING OF THE NEWS:The inverted pyramid, Lead, Credit line
  18. EDITING OF THE NEWS:Characteristics of good news:Process of editing a news
  19. COMPILATION OF NEWS BULLETIN:Hard news, Soft news, Investigative report
  20. PRESENTATION OF NEWS BULLETIN
  21. MAKING SPECIAL BULLETINS:Agriculture, Show biz, Fashion, Drama
  22. TECHNICAL CODES, TERMINOLOGY, AND PRODUCTION GRAMMAR
  23. TYPES OF TV PRODUCTION:Magazine Shows, Specific audience programming
  24. DRAMA AND DOCUMENTARY:Documentary film, Defining documentary
  25. SOURCES OF TV NEWS:Reporters, Correspondents, Monitoring, News Agency
  26. FUNCTIONS OF A REPORTER
  27. BEATS OF REPORTING:City reporter, Social reporters, Show-biz reporter
  28. STRUCTURE OF NEWS DEPARTMENT:Beat Reporters, Online media
  29. ELECTRONIC FIELD PRODUCTION:Sports, Electronic news gathering
  30. LIVE TRANSMISSIONS:Studio floor, Switcher, Master control room, Camera control units
  31. QUALITIES OF A NEWS PRODUCER:Determination, Awareness, Sharp an active
  32. DUTIES OF A NEWS PRODUCER
  33. ASSIGNMENT/NEWS EDITOR:Accuracy, Fairness and Reliability, Conflict
  34. SHOOTING A NEWS FILM:The Influence of telecast News
  35. PREPARATION OF SPECIAL REPORTS:Uncovering Truth, Reportage
  36. INTERVIEWS, VOX POPS AND PUBLIC OPINIONS:INTERVIEW, Information
  37. BACK GROUND VOICE AND VOICE OVER:Natural or Raw Sound, Sound Effects
  38. SPOKEN WORDS AND RELEVANT VISUALS:Digital Audio, Quantizing Error
  39. TALK SHOWS, FORUMS AND DISCUSSION PROGRAMMES
  40. FUNCTIONS OF VARIOUS DEPARTMENTS OF A TV SET UP
  41. PROGRAMMES DEPARTMENT:Program content, Television series by genre
  42. NEWS AND CURRENT AFFAIRS THE PROGRAMMING & SCHEDULING
  43. COORDINATION AMONG DIFFERENT DEPARTMENTS OF TELEVISION
  44. COORDINATION AMONG DIFFERENT DEPARTMENTS OF TELEVISION - 2 SUB-DEPARTMENTS AND SMALL SECTIONS
  45. COORDINATION AMONG DIFFERENT DEPARTMENTS OF TELEVISION 3