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Human Resource Development

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Human Resource Development (HRM-627)
VU
Lesson 19
HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT & THE ROLE OF GOVERNACE
Governance means the process of decision making and the process by which decisions are implemented or
otherwise? The concept is not new and as old as human civilization. Since governance is the process of
decision making and the process by which decisions are implemented, an analysis of governance focuses on the
formal and informal actors involved in decision making and implementing the decisions made and the formal
and informal structures that have been set in place to arrive at and implement the decisions. Government plays
a predominant role in governance both in rural and urban, beside other involved in governance depending
upon the level, like in rural areas, influential landlord, associations of farmers, cooperatives, NGOs, religious
leaders etc, while in urban areas, besides the actors as said for rural areas, media, international donors, multi-
national cooperation etc. may play a role in decision making or influencing the decision making process. Thus
governance can be used in several contexts such as corporate governance, international governance, national
governance and local governance.
Good Governance has eight major characteristics:
1) Participation: All men and women should have a voice in decision-making, either directly or through
legitimate intermediate institutions that represent their interests. Such broad participation is built on freedom of
association and speech, as well as capacities to participate constructively.
2) Rule of Law: Legal frameworks should be fair and enforced impartially, particularly the laws on human
rights.
3) Transparency: Transparency is built on the free flow of information. Processes, institutions and
information are directly accessible to those concerned with them and enough information is provided to
understand and monitor them.
4) Responsiveness: Institutions and processes try to serve all stakeholders.
5) Consensus Orientation: Good governance mediates differing interests to reach a broad consensus on what
is in the best interests of the group and, where possible, on policies and procedures.
6) Equity: All men and women have opportunities to improve or maintain their well-being.
7) Effectiveness and Efficiency: Processes and institutions produce results that meet needs while making the
best use of resources.
8) Accountability: Decision-makers in government, the private sector and civil society organizations are
accountable to the public, as well as to institutional stakeholders. This accountability differs depending on the
organization and whether the decision is internal or external to an organization. It is clear that good governance
is an ideal which is difficult to achieve in its totality. The countries, which have come close to achieve good
governance in its totality, are able to achieve sustainable human development. It is a known fact that economic
growth is a means to sustainable
Human development not an end itself. There are five aspects to sustainable human development all affecting
the living of the poor & vulnerable.
1) Empowerment: The expansion of men and women's capabilities and choices increases their ability to
exercise those choices free of hunger, want and deprivation. It also increases their opportunity to participate in,
or endorse, decision-making affecting their lives.
2) Co-operation: With a sense of belonging important for personal fulfillment, wellbeing and a sense of
purpose and meaning, human development is concerned with the ways in which people work together and
interact.
3) Equity: The expansion of capabilities and opportunities means more than income ­ it also means equity,
such as an educational system to which everybody should have access.
4) Sustainability: The needs of this generation must be met without compromising the right of future
generations to free of poverty and deprivation and to exercise their basic capabilities.
5) Security: Particularly the security of livelihood. People need to be freed from threats, such as disease or
repression and from sudden harmful disruptions in their lives. According to the Human Development Report
1999, South Asia remains region divided between the types of rich and despair of the poor. A region where the
richest one-fifth areas almost 40 percent of the income and the poorest one-fifth makes do with less than 10
percent. A region where today begins with the struggle of survival for 515 million poverty ridden destines, and
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Human Resource Development (HRM-627)
VU
tomorrows threatens the future of 395 million illiterate adults, where women are often denied basic human
rights and minorities continue their struggle
against prejudice and discrimination, about one twelfth of the world's population live in a state of severe
deprivation, lacking & sufficient access to adequate nutrition, health, housing, safe water, sanitation, education
and employment, so the big challenge is to put the region on the path of humane responsible development, as
what has been the main problem in the regions governance and how they can be addressed.
59
Table of Contents:
  1. INTRODUCTION TO HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT:The Concept and its Dimensions, Targets of Development
  2. FOUNDATIONS OF HUMAN BEHAVIOR:Attitudes, Personality, Emotional Intelligence
  3. PERCEPTION:Attribution Theory, Shortcuts Frequently Used in Judging Others
  4. INTRINSIC MOTIVATION:Why Choose Big Five Framework?, THE OUTCOME OF FIVE FACTOR MODEL
  5. FIVE FACTOR MODEL:The Basis of Intrinsically Motivated Behavior, Intrinsic Motivation and Values
  6. MOTIVATION:EARLY THEORIES OF MOTIVATION, Designing Motivating Jobs
  7. The Motivation Process:HOW TO MOTIVATE A DIVERSE WORKFORCE?,
  8. INTERPERSONAL COMMUNICATION:PRINCIPLES OF INTERPERSONAL COMMUNICATION
  9. THE WORLD BEYOND WORDS:DIFFERENCES BETWEEN VERBAL AND NONVERBAL COMMUNICATION, MINDFUL LISTENING
  10. TRANSACTIONAL ANALYSIS:EGO STATES, Parent Ego State, Child Ego State
  11. TYPES OF TRANSACTIONS:Complementary Transactions, Crossed Transactions, Ulterior Transactions
  12. NEURO-LINGUISTIC-PROGRAMMING
  13. CREATE YOUR OWN BLUEPRINT
  14. LEADERSHIP:ORGANIZATIONAL DEMOCRACY
  15. LEADERSHIP:Environment and Strategic Leadership Link, Concluding Remarks
  16. UNDERSTANDING GROUP BEHAVIOR:Stages of Group Development, Advantages of Group Decision Making
  17. UNDERSTANDING TEAM BEHAVIOR:TYPES OF TEAMS, Characteristics of Effective Teams,
  18. EMOTIONAL FACET:PHYSICAL FACET
  19. HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT & THE ROLE OF GOVERNACE:Rule of Law, Transparency,
  20. HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT:The Concept and Its Dimensions, Targets of Development
  21. HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEX (HDI):Methodology,
  22. REPORTS:Criticisms of Freedom House Methodology, GROSS NATIONAL HAPPINESS
  23. SECTORS OF A SOCIETY: SOME BASIC CONCEPTS:PUBLIC SECTOR, PRIVATE SECTOR
  24. NON GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS (NGOS):Types, Methods, Management, Citizen organization
  25. HEALTH SECTOR:Health Impact of the Lebanon Crisis, Main Challenges,
  26. A STUDY ON QUALITY OF PRIMARY EDUCATION BACKGROUND AND RATIONALE
  27. ADULT EDUCATION:Lifelong learning
  28. THE PRACTICAL PERSPECTIVE OF ADULT EDUCATION:Problems of Adult Literacy, Strategies for Educating Adults for the Future
  29. TECHNICAL & VOCATIONAL EDUCATION:VET Internationally, Technical Schools
  30. ASSESSING THE LINK BETWEEN INTELLECTUAL CAPITAL FORMATION AND PERFORMANCE OF A UNIVERSITY
  31. SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY EDUCATION:Social responsibility, Curriculum content
  32. ENVIRONMENT:Dark Greens and Light Greens, Environmental policy instruments
  33. HDI AND GENDER SENSITIVITY:Gender Empowerment Measure
  34. THE PLIGHT OF INDIAN WOMEN:
  35. ENTREPRENEURSHIP:Characteristics of entrepreneurship, Advantages of Entrepreneurship
  36. A REVISIT OF MODULE I & II
  37. HUMAN DEVELOPMENT & ECONOMIC GROWTH (1975 TO 2003):
  38. PUBLIC PRIVATE PARTNERSHIP:Origins, The Desired Outcomes of PPPs
  39. PRINCIPLES OF PUBLIC PRIVATE PARTNERSHIP (PPP):Situation in Pakistan,
  40. DEVOLUTION REFORMS A NEW SYSTEM OF GOVERNMENT:
  41. GOOD GOVERNANCE:Participation, Rule of law, Accountability
  42. MACROECONOMIC PROFILE OF A COUNTRY: EXAMPLE ECONOMY OF PAKISTAN
  43. COORDINATION IN GOVERNANCE: AN EXAMPLE OF EU, The OMC in Social Inclusion
  44. MOBILIZING REGIONAL EDUCATIONAL RESOURCES: THE ASEAN UNIVERSITY NETWORK, A CASE STUDY
  45. GOVERNMENT PRIORITIES AND POLICIES:Role of Government, Socio Cultural Factors in Implementing HRD Programs