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Human Resource Development

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Human Resource Development (HRM-627)
VU
Lesson 37
HUMAN DEVELOPMENT & ECONOMIC GROWTH (1975 TO 2003)
HDI
Population in millions
Fertility Rate
Change
Change
Change
1975
1995
%
1975
2003
%
1975
2003
%
Advanced
Countries
Norway
0.868
0.936
7.83
4
4.6
15
2.2
1.8
-18.18
Australia
0.848
0.933
10.02
13.6
19.7
44.85
2.5
1.7
-32
Canada
0.869
0.934
7.47
23.1
31.6
36.79
2
1.5
-25
US
0.867
0.929
7.15
220.2
292.6
32.87
2
2
0
Japan
0.857
0.925
7.93
111.5
127.7
14.52
2.1
1.3
-38.09
UK
0.845
0.921
8.99
55.4
59.3
7.03
2
1.7
-15
France
0.853
0.921
7.97
52.7
60
13.85
2.3
1.9
-17.39
Average
0.858
0.928
8.19
68.64
85.07
23.55
2.15
1.7
-20.8
MENA*
UAE
0.734
0.814
10.89
0.5
4
700
6.4
2.5
-60.93
Kuwait
0.763
0.813
6.55
1
2.5
150
6.9
2.4
-65.21
Oman
0.494
0.736
48.98
0.9
2.5
177.77
7.2
3.8
-47.22
Saudi Arabia
0.603
0.741
22.88
7.3
23.3
219.17
7.3
4.1
-43.83
Iran
0.566
0.694
22.61
33.3
68.2
104.8
6.4
2.1
-67.18
Algeria
0.506
0.671
32.6
16
31.9
99.35
7.4
2.5
-66.21
Syria
0.54
0.672
24.44
7.5
18.1
141.33
7.5
3.5
-53.33
Average
0.6
0.734
24.13
9.5
21.5
227.48
7.01
2.98
-57.7
Asia
India
0.412
0.546
32.52
620.7
1070.8
72.51
5.4
3.1
-42.59
Pakistan
0.363
0.492
35.53
68.3
151.8
122.25
6.6
4.3
-34.84
Sri Lanka
0.607
0.727
19.76
14
20.4
45.71
4.1
2
-51.21
Bangladesh
0.345
0.452
31.01
73.2
136.6
88.61
6.2
3.2
-48.38
Indonesia
0.468
0.663
41.67
134.4
217.4
61.75
5.2
2.4
-53.84
Nepal
0.296
0.466
57.43
13.5
26.1
93.33
5.8
3.7
-36.2
Average
0.415
0.557
36.32
154.01
270.51
80.69
5.55
3.11
-44.51
SSA**
Senegal
0.311
0.421
35.36
5.3
11.1
109.43
7
5
-28.57
Rwanda
0.342
0.335
-2.04
4.4
8.8
100
8.3
5.7
-31.32
Niger
0.236
0.256
8.47
5.3
13.1
147.16
8.1
7.9
-2.46
Zambia
0.468
0.424
-9.4
5.2
11.3
117.3
7.8
5.7
-26.92
Congo
0.414
0.393
-5.07
23.9
54.2
126.77
6.5
6.7
3.07
Ethiopia
0.291
0.323
10.99
34.1
73.8
116.42
6.8
5.9
-13.23
Guinea-
Bissau
0.255
0.341
33.72
0.7
1.5
114.28
7.1
7.1
0
Chad
0.269
0.344
27.88
4.2
9.1
116.67
6.7
6.7
0
Average
0.323
0.354
12.48
10.38
22.86
118.5
7.28
6.33
-12.42
*
Middle Eastern Economies
**
Sub Saharan Africa
127
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Human Resource Development (HRM-627)
VU
Education Exp as a % of
Health Expenditure (2002)
Physicians
GDP
Pub %
Pvt %
Tot %
per
Hlth PC
GDP
GDP
GDP
100,000
2002
1990
2002
Change %
Advanced
Countries
Norway
8
1.6
9.6
356
3409
7
7.6
8.57
Australia
6.5
3
9.5
249
2699
4.9
4.9
0
Canada
6.7
2.9
9.6
209
2931
6.5
5.2
-20
US
6.6
8
14.6
549
5274
5.1
5.7
11.76
Japan
6.5
1.4
7.9
201
2133
3.6
UK
6.4
1.3
7.7
166
2160
4.8
5.3
10.41
France
7.4
2.3
9.7
329
2736
5.3
5.6
5.67
Average
6.87
2.92
9.79
294
3049
5.6
5.41
-3.39
MENA*
UAE
2.3
0.8
3.1
202
750
1.8
1.6
-11.11
Kuwait
2.9
0.9
3.8
153
552
4.8
Oman
2.8
0.6
3.4
126
379
3.1
4.6
48.38
Saudi
Arabia
3.3
1
4.3
140
534
5.8
Iran
2.9
3.1
6
105
432
4.1
4.9
19.51
Algeria
3.2
1.1
4.3
85
182
Syria
2.3
2.8
5.1
140
109
4
Average
2.81
1.47
4.28
136
419.71
3.93
3.7
-5.85
Asia
India
1.3
4.8
6.1
51
108
3.7
4.1
10.81
Pakistan
1.1
2.1
3.2
66
62
2.6
1.8
-30.76
Sri Lanka
1.8
1.9
3.7
43
131
2.7
Bangladesh
0.8
2.3
3.1
23
54
1.5
2.4
60
Indonesia
1.2
2
3.2
16
110
1
1.2
20
Nepal
1.4
3.8
5.2
5
64
2
3.4
70
Average
1.27
2.81
4.08
34
88.17
2.25
2.58
26.01
SSA**
Senegal
2.3
2.8
5.1
8
62
3.9
3.6
-7.69
Rwanda
3.1
2.4
5.5
2
48
2.8
Niger
2
2
4
3
27
3.2
2.3
-28.12
Zambia
3.1
2.7
5.8
7
51
2.4
2
-16.17
Congo
1.2
2.9
4.1
7
15
Ethiopia
2.6
3.1
5.7
3
21
3.4
4.6
35.29
Guinea-
Bissau
3
3.3
6.3
17
38
Chad
2.7
3.8
6.5
3
47
Average
2.5
2.87
5.37
6.25
38.62
3.22
3.06
-4.17
128
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Human Resource Development (HRM-627)
VU
GDP PC
Gini
GDP PC
AGR
Index
US$ 03
1975-2003
Advanced
Countries
Norway
37670
2.8
25.8
Australia
29632
1.9
35.2
Canada
30677
1.6
33.1
US
37562
2
40.8
Japan
27967
2.4
24.9
UK
27147
2.1
36
France
27677
1.7
32.7
Average
31190.29
2.07
32.64
MENA*
UAE
-3.3
Kuwait
18047
-1.2
Oman
13584
2.2
Saudi
Arabia
13226
-2.4
Iran
6995
-0.3
43
Algeria
6107
-0.1
35.3
Syria
3576
0.9
Average
10255.83
-0.6
39.15
Asia
India
2892
3.3
32.5
Pakistan
2097
2.5
33
Sri Lanka
3778
3.4
33.2
Bangladesh
1770
1.9
31.8
Indonesia
3361
4.1
34.3
Nepal
1420
2.1
36.7
Average
2553
2.88
33.58
SSA**
Senegal
1648
0
41.3
Rwanda
1268
-0.5
28.9
Niger
835
-1.8
50.5
Zambia
877
-1.9
52.6
Congo
-4.9
Ethiopia
711
0.1
30
Guinea-
711
-0.4
47
Bissau
Chad
1210
0.1
Average
1037
-1.16
41.71
129
Table of Contents:
  1. INTRODUCTION TO HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT:The Concept and its Dimensions, Targets of Development
  2. FOUNDATIONS OF HUMAN BEHAVIOR:Attitudes, Personality, Emotional Intelligence
  3. PERCEPTION:Attribution Theory, Shortcuts Frequently Used in Judging Others
  4. INTRINSIC MOTIVATION:Why Choose Big Five Framework?, THE OUTCOME OF FIVE FACTOR MODEL
  5. FIVE FACTOR MODEL:The Basis of Intrinsically Motivated Behavior, Intrinsic Motivation and Values
  6. MOTIVATION:EARLY THEORIES OF MOTIVATION, Designing Motivating Jobs
  7. The Motivation Process:HOW TO MOTIVATE A DIVERSE WORKFORCE?,
  8. INTERPERSONAL COMMUNICATION:PRINCIPLES OF INTERPERSONAL COMMUNICATION
  9. THE WORLD BEYOND WORDS:DIFFERENCES BETWEEN VERBAL AND NONVERBAL COMMUNICATION, MINDFUL LISTENING
  10. TRANSACTIONAL ANALYSIS:EGO STATES, Parent Ego State, Child Ego State
  11. TYPES OF TRANSACTIONS:Complementary Transactions, Crossed Transactions, Ulterior Transactions
  12. NEURO-LINGUISTIC-PROGRAMMING
  13. CREATE YOUR OWN BLUEPRINT
  14. LEADERSHIP:ORGANIZATIONAL DEMOCRACY
  15. LEADERSHIP:Environment and Strategic Leadership Link, Concluding Remarks
  16. UNDERSTANDING GROUP BEHAVIOR:Stages of Group Development, Advantages of Group Decision Making
  17. UNDERSTANDING TEAM BEHAVIOR:TYPES OF TEAMS, Characteristics of Effective Teams,
  18. EMOTIONAL FACET:PHYSICAL FACET
  19. HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT & THE ROLE OF GOVERNACE:Rule of Law, Transparency,
  20. HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT:The Concept and Its Dimensions, Targets of Development
  21. HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEX (HDI):Methodology,
  22. REPORTS:Criticisms of Freedom House Methodology, GROSS NATIONAL HAPPINESS
  23. SECTORS OF A SOCIETY: SOME BASIC CONCEPTS:PUBLIC SECTOR, PRIVATE SECTOR
  24. NON GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS (NGOS):Types, Methods, Management, Citizen organization
  25. HEALTH SECTOR:Health Impact of the Lebanon Crisis, Main Challenges,
  26. A STUDY ON QUALITY OF PRIMARY EDUCATION BACKGROUND AND RATIONALE
  27. ADULT EDUCATION:Lifelong learning
  28. THE PRACTICAL PERSPECTIVE OF ADULT EDUCATION:Problems of Adult Literacy, Strategies for Educating Adults for the Future
  29. TECHNICAL & VOCATIONAL EDUCATION:VET Internationally, Technical Schools
  30. ASSESSING THE LINK BETWEEN INTELLECTUAL CAPITAL FORMATION AND PERFORMANCE OF A UNIVERSITY
  31. SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY EDUCATION:Social responsibility, Curriculum content
  32. ENVIRONMENT:Dark Greens and Light Greens, Environmental policy instruments
  33. HDI AND GENDER SENSITIVITY:Gender Empowerment Measure
  34. THE PLIGHT OF INDIAN WOMEN:
  35. ENTREPRENEURSHIP:Characteristics of entrepreneurship, Advantages of Entrepreneurship
  36. A REVISIT OF MODULE I & II
  37. HUMAN DEVELOPMENT & ECONOMIC GROWTH (1975 TO 2003):
  38. PUBLIC PRIVATE PARTNERSHIP:Origins, The Desired Outcomes of PPPs
  39. PRINCIPLES OF PUBLIC PRIVATE PARTNERSHIP (PPP):Situation in Pakistan,
  40. DEVOLUTION REFORMS A NEW SYSTEM OF GOVERNMENT:
  41. GOOD GOVERNANCE:Participation, Rule of law, Accountability
  42. MACROECONOMIC PROFILE OF A COUNTRY: EXAMPLE ECONOMY OF PAKISTAN
  43. COORDINATION IN GOVERNANCE: AN EXAMPLE OF EU, The OMC in Social Inclusion
  44. MOBILIZING REGIONAL EDUCATIONAL RESOURCES: THE ASEAN UNIVERSITY NETWORK, A CASE STUDY
  45. GOVERNMENT PRIORITIES AND POLICIES:Role of Government, Socio Cultural Factors in Implementing HRD Programs