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Human Resource Development

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Human Resource Development (HRM-627)
VU
Lesson 41
GOOD GOVERNANCE
The terms governance and good governance are increasingly being used in development literature.
Governance describes the process of decision-making and the process by which decisions are implemented (or
not implemented). Hereby, public institutions conduct public affairs, manage public resources, and guarantee
the realization of human rights. Good governance accomplishes this in a manner essentially free of abuse and
corruption, and with due regard for the increasingly basing their aid and loans on the condition that reforms
ensuring good governance are undertaken.
Good governance can be understood as a set of 8 major characteristics:
 participation,
 rule of law,
 transparency,
 responsiveness,
 consensus orientation,
 equity and inclusiveness,
 effectiveness and efficiency
 accountability
These characteristics assure that
 corruption is minimized,
 the views of minorities are taken into account and
 that the voices of the most vulnerable in society are heard in decision-making
Participation
 Participation by both men and women.
 Participation could be either direct or through legitimate intermediate institutions or representatives.
 Participation also means freedom of association and expression on the one hand and an organized civil
society on the other hand.
Rule of law
 Good governance requires fair legal frameworks that are enforced impartially.
 Full protection of human rights, particularly those of minorities.
 It also means independent judiciary and an impartial and incorruptible police force.
Transparency
 Decisions taken and their enforcement are done in a manner that follows rules and regulations.
 Information is freely available and directly accessible to those who will be affected by such decisions
and their enforcement.
Responsiveness
 Institutions and processes try to serve all stakeholders within a reasonable timeframe.
Consensus orientation
 Need of mediation of the different interests in society to reach a broad consensus in society on what is
in the best interest of the whole community and how this can be achieved.
 It also requires a long-term perspective for sustainable human development and how to achieve the
goals of such development.
Equity and inclusiveness
 Ensuring that all members of society feel that they have a stake in it and do not feel excluded from the
mainstream.
 This requires all groups, and especially the most vulnerable to have opportunities to maintain or
improve their well being.
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Human Resource Development (HRM-627)
VU
Effectiveness and efficiency
 Processes and institutions produce results that meet the needs of society while making the best use of
resources at their disposal.
 It also means sustainable use of natural resources and the protection of the environment.
Accountability
 Governmental institutions as well as the private sector and civil society organizations must be
accountable to the public and to their institutional stakeholders.
 In general organizations and institutions are accountable to those who will be affected by decisions or
actions.
A basic practical example of good governance would be where a member of a committee, with a vested interest
in a topic being discussed at committee, would absent themselves from the discussion and not attempt to exert
influence.
Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Good_governance
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Table of Contents:
  1. INTRODUCTION TO HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT:The Concept and its Dimensions, Targets of Development
  2. FOUNDATIONS OF HUMAN BEHAVIOR:Attitudes, Personality, Emotional Intelligence
  3. PERCEPTION:Attribution Theory, Shortcuts Frequently Used in Judging Others
  4. INTRINSIC MOTIVATION:Why Choose Big Five Framework?, THE OUTCOME OF FIVE FACTOR MODEL
  5. FIVE FACTOR MODEL:The Basis of Intrinsically Motivated Behavior, Intrinsic Motivation and Values
  6. MOTIVATION:EARLY THEORIES OF MOTIVATION, Designing Motivating Jobs
  7. The Motivation Process:HOW TO MOTIVATE A DIVERSE WORKFORCE?,
  8. INTERPERSONAL COMMUNICATION:PRINCIPLES OF INTERPERSONAL COMMUNICATION
  9. THE WORLD BEYOND WORDS:DIFFERENCES BETWEEN VERBAL AND NONVERBAL COMMUNICATION, MINDFUL LISTENING
  10. TRANSACTIONAL ANALYSIS:EGO STATES, Parent Ego State, Child Ego State
  11. TYPES OF TRANSACTIONS:Complementary Transactions, Crossed Transactions, Ulterior Transactions
  12. NEURO-LINGUISTIC-PROGRAMMING
  13. CREATE YOUR OWN BLUEPRINT
  14. LEADERSHIP:ORGANIZATIONAL DEMOCRACY
  15. LEADERSHIP:Environment and Strategic Leadership Link, Concluding Remarks
  16. UNDERSTANDING GROUP BEHAVIOR:Stages of Group Development, Advantages of Group Decision Making
  17. UNDERSTANDING TEAM BEHAVIOR:TYPES OF TEAMS, Characteristics of Effective Teams,
  18. EMOTIONAL FACET:PHYSICAL FACET
  19. HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT & THE ROLE OF GOVERNACE:Rule of Law, Transparency,
  20. HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT:The Concept and Its Dimensions, Targets of Development
  21. HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEX (HDI):Methodology,
  22. REPORTS:Criticisms of Freedom House Methodology, GROSS NATIONAL HAPPINESS
  23. SECTORS OF A SOCIETY: SOME BASIC CONCEPTS:PUBLIC SECTOR, PRIVATE SECTOR
  24. NON GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS (NGOS):Types, Methods, Management, Citizen organization
  25. HEALTH SECTOR:Health Impact of the Lebanon Crisis, Main Challenges,
  26. A STUDY ON QUALITY OF PRIMARY EDUCATION BACKGROUND AND RATIONALE
  27. ADULT EDUCATION:Lifelong learning
  28. THE PRACTICAL PERSPECTIVE OF ADULT EDUCATION:Problems of Adult Literacy, Strategies for Educating Adults for the Future
  29. TECHNICAL & VOCATIONAL EDUCATION:VET Internationally, Technical Schools
  30. ASSESSING THE LINK BETWEEN INTELLECTUAL CAPITAL FORMATION AND PERFORMANCE OF A UNIVERSITY
  31. SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY EDUCATION:Social responsibility, Curriculum content
  32. ENVIRONMENT:Dark Greens and Light Greens, Environmental policy instruments
  33. HDI AND GENDER SENSITIVITY:Gender Empowerment Measure
  34. THE PLIGHT OF INDIAN WOMEN:
  35. ENTREPRENEURSHIP:Characteristics of entrepreneurship, Advantages of Entrepreneurship
  36. A REVISIT OF MODULE I & II
  37. HUMAN DEVELOPMENT & ECONOMIC GROWTH (1975 TO 2003):
  38. PUBLIC PRIVATE PARTNERSHIP:Origins, The Desired Outcomes of PPPs
  39. PRINCIPLES OF PUBLIC PRIVATE PARTNERSHIP (PPP):Situation in Pakistan,
  40. DEVOLUTION REFORMS A NEW SYSTEM OF GOVERNMENT:
  41. GOOD GOVERNANCE:Participation, Rule of law, Accountability
  42. MACROECONOMIC PROFILE OF A COUNTRY: EXAMPLE ECONOMY OF PAKISTAN
  43. COORDINATION IN GOVERNANCE: AN EXAMPLE OF EU, The OMC in Social Inclusion
  44. MOBILIZING REGIONAL EDUCATIONAL RESOURCES: THE ASEAN UNIVERSITY NETWORK, A CASE STUDY
  45. GOVERNMENT PRIORITIES AND POLICIES:Role of Government, Socio Cultural Factors in Implementing HRD Programs